Leviticus 16

God's warning to Aaron
16.1-2

16:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the LORD, and died;

16:2 And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy place within the vail before the mercy seat, which is upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat.

God said to Moses after he burned to death two of Aaron's sons [1],

Tell Aaron not to come into the holy place any that he chooses -- or he will die.

I will appear in a cloud on the mercy seat.

Aaron's holy garments
16:3-6

16:3 Thus shall Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering.

Here is how Aaron must come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering.

16:4 He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle, and with the linen mitre shall he be attired: these are holy garments; therefore shall he wash his flesh in water, and so put them on.

He shall put on the holy linen coat, linen breeches, a linen girdle, and a linen mitre. [2]

These are holy garments, so he must wash his flesh with water before putting them on.

16:5 And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering.

Aaron will take two young goats as a sin offering for the people, and one ram for a burnt offering.

16:6 And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make an atonement for himself, and for his house.

And he will offer a bullock as a sin offering for himself, to make atonement for himself and his family.

The Scapegoat
16:7-28

16:7 And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

Aaron will take the two goats and present them in front of God at the door of the tabernacle.

16:8 And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

He will cast lots upon the two goats: one for God, and the other for the scapegoat.

16:9 And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the LORD's lot fell, and offer him for a sin offering.

Aaron will will bring the goat upon which God's lot fell, and offer him for a sin offering.

16:10 But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness.

The other goat, the scapegoat, will be let go into the wilderness.

16:11 And Aaron shall bring the bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make an atonement for himself, and for his house, and shall kill the bullock of the sin offering which is for himself:

16:12 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the LORD, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the vail:

16:13 And he shall put the incense upon the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is upon the testimony, that he die not:

Aaron will kill the bullock as a sin offering to make atonement for himself and his family.

16:14 And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward; and before the mercy seat shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times.

He will sprinkle the bullock's blood with his finger seven times.

16:15 Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the vail, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat:

16:16 And he shall make an atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness.

16:17 And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy place, until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.

Then he will kill the goat of the sin offering and sprinkle its blood upon the mercy seat as an atonement for the uncleanness of the people.

16:18 And he shall go out unto the altar that is before the LORD, and make an atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about.

Aaron will then take the blood of the bullock and the blood of the goat and put it on the horns of the altar round about.

16:19 And he shall sprinkle of the blood upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.

And he shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar seven times with his finger.

16:20 And when he hath made an end of reconciling the holy place, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat:

16:21 And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness:

Then Aaron will bring the live goat, put the sins of the people on the head of the goat, and send the goat away into the wilderness.

16:22 And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.

And the goat will bear all of the people's iniquities.

16:23 And Aaron shall come into the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall put off the linen garments, which he put on when he went into the holy place, and shall leave them there:

16:24 And he shall wash his flesh with water in the holy place, and put on his garments, and come forth, and offer his burnt offering, and the burnt offering of the people, and make an atonement for himself, and for the people.

Aaron will then go into the tabernacle, wash his flesh with water, put on his linen garments, and offer a burnt offering.

16:25 And the fat of the sin offering shall he burn upon the altar.

He will burn the fat of the sin offering on the altar.

16:26 And he that let go the goat for the scapegoat shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward come into the camp.

The person who let the scapegoat go into the wilderness will wash his clothes and take a bath.

16:27 And the bullock for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, shall one carry forth without the camp; and they shall burn in the fire their skins, and their flesh, and their dung.

And the skins, flesh, and dung ot the bullock and goat will be burned.

16:28 And he that burneth them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp.

The man who burned the skin, flesh, and dung will wash his clothes and bathe his flesh in water.

The Day of Atonement: A statute forever
16:29-34

16:29 And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you:

16:30 For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.

This shall be a statute forever.

In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you will afflict your souls and do no work.

16:31 It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.

You will afflict your souls by a statute forever.

16:32 And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and whom he shall consecrate to minister in the priest's office in his father's stead, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen clothes, even the holy garments:

The priest will put on the holy linen garments.

16:33 And he shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.

He will make an atonement for all the priests and people.

16:34 And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the LORD commanded Moses.

This shall be an everlasting statute: to make an atonement for the people's sins once a year.