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1 Samuel 31
Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from
before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.||
(31:1) "Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from
before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa."|
God used the Philistines to kill the Israelite soldiers to punish Saul for not killing all the Amalekites. (See
1 Samuel 28:19)
God's 73rd Killing
(31:2) "The Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons."
God had the Philistines kill Saul's sons to punish him for not killing all the Amalekites. See
1 Samuel 28:19)
(31:4) "Saul took a sword, and fell upon it."
How did Saul die?
Did he commit suicide as stated in this verse, or was he killed by an Amalekite
as in 2 Sam.1:8-10, or was he killed by the Philistines as reported in
(31:6) "So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men,
that same day together."
(31:9-10) "They cut off his head ... and sent into the
land of the Philistines round about ... and they fastened his
body to the wall of Bethshan."
Was this a part of Saul's punishment for not killing all the Amalekites?
Decapitated, Sons Killed
And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the
Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul's sons.
And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was
sore wounded of the archers.
Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me
through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and
abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell
And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon
his sword, and died with him.
So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men,
that same day together.
And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and
they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled,
and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and
the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the
slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa.
And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the
land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their
idols, and among the people.
And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his
body to the wall of Bethshan.
And when the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead heard of that which the
Philistines had done to Saul;
All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul
and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan, and came to Jabesh,
and burnt them there.||
And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and
fasted seven days.||
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Killing: God kills Saul, his sons, and his men for not killing all of the Amalekites (1 Samuel 31:1-4)
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