1 Samuel 13
Saul blows a trumpet througout Israel
Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,
Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were
with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan
in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his
After reigning a year or two, Saul chose 3000 men; 2000 went with him, and 1000 with his son, Jonathan.
And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and
the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the
land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.
And all Israel heard say that Saul had smitten a garrison of the
Philistines, and that Israel also was had in abomination with the
Philistines. And the people were called together after Saul to Gilgal.
Everyone is Israel heard Saul's trumpet, and they gathered in Gilgal to meet Saul.
And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel,
thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand
which is on the sea shore in multitude: and they came up, and pitched in
Michmash, eastward from Bethaven.
When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people
were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in
thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits.
When the Israelites saw the Philistines, they hid in caves, thickets, rocks, mountains, and pits.
And some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As
for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.
And he tarried seven days, according to the set time that Samuel had
appointed: but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from
Some of the Hebrews went to the land of Gad and Gilead; everyone else (except for Samuel) went with Saul to Gilgal.
Saul sacrifices some animals (and loses his kingdom for it)
And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace offerings.
And he offered the burnt offering.
Saul sacrificed some animals to God.
And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the
burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he
might salute him.
And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul said, Because I saw that
the people were scattered from me, and that thou camest not within the days
appointed, and that the Philistines gathered themselves together at
Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal,
and I have not made supplication unto the LORD: I forced myself therefore,
and offered a burnt offering.
And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the
commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the
LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.
But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man
after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his
people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded thee.
And Samuel arose, and gat him up from Gilgal unto Gibeah of Benjamin. And
Saul numbered the people that were present with him, about six hundred men.
And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were present with
them, abode in Gibeah of Benjamin: but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.
And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three
companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the
land of Shual:
And another company turned the way to Bethhoron: and another company
turned to the way of the border that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward
Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the
Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man
his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.
Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters, and for the
forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.
Samuel tells Saul that he's just not good enough for God. So God has chosen someone else to
replace him as king.
So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor
spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and
Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found.
And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.
There were only two swords in the entire Israelite army, Saul's and Jonathan's.