1 Samuel 22

David flees to the cave Adullam

22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him.

After pretending to be mad in the Philistine city of Gath, David escaped to the cave Adullam.

22:2 And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.

22:3 And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, and be with you, till I know what God will do for me.

22:4 And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.

About 400 men who were discontented or in debt came to David's cave to enlisted in his renegade army.

22:5 And the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the hold; depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. Then David departed, and came into the forest of Hareth.

The prophet Gad told David to leave the cave and go to the land of Judah. So David left and came to the forest of Hareth.
Saul kills the priests, people, and animals of Nob

22:6 When Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men that were with him, (now Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah, having his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing about him;)

22:7 Then Saul said unto his servants that stood about him, Hear now, ye Benjamites; will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds;

22:8 That all of you have conspired against me, and there is none that sheweth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you that is sorry for me, or sheweth unto me that my son hath stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?

At this time Saul was living under a tree, with his spear in his hand, surrounded by his servants.

When he heard about David's activities, he said to his servants:

"Listen up, you Benjamites! Is David paying you off? Is that why you're conspiring against me? Don't any of you feel sorry for me, now that my own son is in league with David who is trying to kill me?"

22:9 Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub.

22:10 And he enquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.

Doeg the Edomite told Saul, "I saw Jesse at Nob when Ahimelech enquired of the Lord for David, gave him food and Goliath's sword." (See 21:7)

22:11 Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests that were in Nob: and they came all of them to the king.

22:12 And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. And he answered, Here I am, my lord.

22:13 And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son of Jesse, in that thou hast given him bread, and a sword, and hast enquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?

Saul sent for Ahimelech, who came as requested, along with his family and the other priests of Nob. Saul asked Ahimelech why he enquired of the Lord for David, and gave him food and Goliath's sword.

22:14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house?

22:15 Did I then begin to enquire of God for him? be it far from me: let not the king impute any thing unto his servant, nor to all the house of my father: for thy servant knew nothing of all this, less or more.

Ahimelech told Saul that he assisted David since he is the king's son-in-law, and, as far as he knew anyway, was completely loyal to Saul.

22:16 And the king said, Thou shalt surely die, Ahimelech, thou, and all thy father's house.

Saul said, "Well, you will die anyway. You and all of your family."

22:17 And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD: because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD.

The king asked his footmen to kill Ahimelech, but they refused.

22:18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.

22:19 And Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and sheep, with the edge of the sword.

So he turned to Doeg the Edomite, who killed 85 priests of Nob, and all men, women, children, and animals in the city of Nob.

22:20 And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.

But one of the priests of Nob escaped: Abiathar, the son of Ahitub.
Was Abiathar the father or the son of Ahimelech?

22:21 And Abiathar shewed David that Saul had slain the LORD's priests.

22:22 And David said unto Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned the death of all the persons of thy father's house.

22:23 Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard.

Abiathar told David about Saul's killings of the priests of Nob.

David said, "I noticed that Doeg the Edomite was in Nob at the time that I visited. And I knew he'd tell Saul about it."

"But don't worry. You're safe with me."