Genesis 12

Abraham travels to Canaan.


12:1 Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee:

12:2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:

(12:1-2) God tells Abraham to leave his country and travel to a land that God will show him. God will bless him, make his name great, and make great nation from him.

12:3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

(12:3) God will bless you if you bless Abraham and curse you if you curse Abraham. Fuck Abraham.

According to David Barton, this verse requires the US to support Israel.

12:4 So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran.

12:5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came.

12:6 And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.

(12:4) Abraham was 75 years old when he left Haran.
How old was Abraham when he left Haran?
How old was Terah when he died?

A note about Abraham and Sarah's names
Abraham and Sarah were originally named Abram and Sarai, but, for some strange reason, God changed their names in chapter 17 ( 17:5, 15) to Abraham and Sarah. To avoid confusion, I'll use their new, more familiar, God-given names in the notes.

12:7 And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.

12:8 And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the name of the LORD.

12:9 And Abram journeyed, going on still toward the south.

(12:7) God appeared to Abraham.
Can God be seen?

Sarah lies for Abraham (the first time).

Cf. Gen 20:2 - Abe's 2nd "She's my sister" lie,
Gen 26:7 - Isaac's "She's my sister" lie

12:10 And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land.

(12:10) There was a famine in the land of Canaan, So Abraham and Sarah went to Egypt.

12:11 And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon:

12:12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save thee alive.

12:13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee.

(12:11-13) Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister.

Since the 70 year-old Sarah was such an attractive woman, Abraham asked her to lie for him by saying she was his sister. (He was afraid the Egyptians would kill him if they thought he was her husband.)

But at least it was half-true, since she was his half-sister. Such incestuous marriages are condemned elsewhere in the Bible, but god makes an exception for Abraham and Sarah. (See Gen 17:15-16 where God blesses their marriage and Gen 20:2-18 where Abraham repeats the same "she's my sister" lie.)

12:14 And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

12:15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken into Pharaoh's house.

(12:14-15) Poor Pharaoh couldn't resist the "very fair", 70-year-old Sarah, and he takes her into his harem.

12:16 And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels.

(12:16a) He entreated Abram well for her sake
To pay Abraham for the use of his "sister", the Pharaoh gave him sheep, oxen and male and female asses and slaves.

(12:16ba) Camels
Camels were first domesticated in the tenth century BCE more than a thousand years after Abraham supposedly lived.

12:17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram's wife.

12:18 And Pharaoh called Abram and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife?

12:19 Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way.

12:20 And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had.

(12:17) The LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram's wife.

God sent "great plagues" on the Pharaoh and his household because the Pharaoh believed Abraham's lie.