The First Creation Account
1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved
upon the face of the waters.
- Day Zero
- God creates heaven and earth.
- The spirit of God moves on the surface of the waters.
And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
Let there be light. 
And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening
and the morning were the first day.
- The First Day 
- God creates light.
- God separates light from darkness and day from night. 
And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide
the waters from the waters.
And God made the firmament and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the
waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.
And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were
the second day.
- The Second Day
- God makes the firmament. 
- The firmament divides the higher waters from the lower waters.
- God called the firmament "Heaven".
And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto
one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the
waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.
And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree
yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.
And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind,
and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
And the evening and the morning were the third day.
- The Third Day
- God gathers the waters together to make dry land.
- God called dry land "Earth" and the gathered waters "Seas".
- The earth brings forth grass, herbs, and fruit trees. 
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide
the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for
days, and years:
And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light
upon the earth: and it was so.
And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the
night: he made the stars also.
And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from
the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
- The Fourth Day
- God places lights in the firmament to divide day from night.
- And to be for signs , seasons, days, and years.
- And to give light on the earth.
- God made the sun to rule the day, and the moon to rule the night. 
- He made the stars also. 
- God set the lights in the firmament to provide light for the earth. 
And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl
that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.
And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth,
which the waters brought forthabundantly, after their kind, and
every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
- The Fifth Day
- Waters bring forth moving creatures and birds. 
- God creates whales and birds.
And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the
waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.
And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
God said to the animals,
Have as many offspring as you can.
Fill the earth and seas.
And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his
kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.
And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every
thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
- The Sixth Day
- The earth brings forth living creatures.
- God makes the beasts of the earth. 
- God makes man in his own image. 
And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and
let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over
the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
God gave humans dominion over every other living thing. [14
So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him;
male and female created he them.
God created humans, male and female, in his own image. 
And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply,
and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of
the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that
moveth upon the earth.
God said to the humans he created,
Have as many children as possible, overrun the earth, and do whatever you like with all the other living things.
And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the
earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it
shall be for meat.
God said to them,
I have given you every plant as food for you. 
And to every beast of
the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth
upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for
meat: and it was so.
I have also given every plant as food for the animals. 
And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the
morning were the sixth day.
God saw everything he created and thought it was very good. 
- In the beginning (1:1-2:3)
Compare with Gen 2:4-25 in which the order of events is entirely different.
The Genesis 1 account conflicts with the order of events that are known to science.
The earth and "heaven" are created together "in the beginning," whereas according to
current estimates, the earth and universe are about 4.6 and 13.8 billion years old, respectively.
Also in the first creation account, the earth is created before light, sun and stars; birds and whales before
reptiles and insects; and flowering plants before any animals. The order of events known from
science is in each case just the opposite.
The two creations
When was heaven created?
Who created heaven and earth?
When was the universe created?
The Gap Theory
- Let there be light. (v.3)
These are God's first spoken words. It's not clear who he was talking to.
God continues to talk (to himself?) throughout the creation process. (See verses 6,
9, 11, 14-15, 20,
22, 24, and 26.)
But after creating animals, God stops talking to himself and begins talking to them. (See verse 22.)
- The first day (vv.4-5)
When did the first day begin? Did God create heaven and earth before
or during the first day? And when did his spirit move on the waters? Did day 1 begin with
the creation of light?
It's impossible to tell from the text, but it seems more likely that God began his workweek
with with the creaion of light. So I'm calling everything before that "Day Zero".
- God divided the light from the darkness. (v.4)
Yet he didn't make the light producing objects (the sun and the stars) until the fourth
And how could there be "the evening and the morning" on the first day if there was
no sun to mark them?
When did God divide light from darkness?
How long did creation take?
- A firmament (v.6)
God spends one-sixth of his entire creative
effort (the second day) working on a solid firmament. This strange structure,
which God calls heaven, is intended to separate the higher waters from the lower
- Let the earth bring forth grass. (v.11)
Plants are made on the third day before there was a sun
to drive their photosynthetic processes (1:14-19).
God lets "the earth bring forth" the plants, rather than
creating them directly. Maybe Genesis is not so anti-evolution after all.
Were plants created before or after humans?
Does the Bible teach evolution?
- Let them be for signs. (v.14)
God placed the sun, moon, and stars in the firmament so that they can be used "for signs".
This, of course, is exactly what astrologers do: read "the signs" in the
Zodiac to predict what will happen on Earth.
Does the bible condemn astrology?
What the Bible says about astrology
- God made two great lights. (v.16)
But the moon is not a light; it only reflects light from the sun. And why, if God made the moon to
"rule the night", does it spend half of its time moving through the daytime sky?
- He made the stars also. (v.16)
God spends a day making light (before making the sun and stars) and separating light from darkness; then, at the end of a hard day's work, and almost as an afterthought, he makes
When were the stars made?
- To give light upon the earth (v.17)
Then why is only a tiny fraction of stars visible from earth? Under the
best conditions, no more than a few thousand stars are visible with the unaided eye, yet there
are hundreds of billions of stars in our galaxy and a hundred billion or so galaxies. Were they
all created "to give light upon the earth"?
- Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature
that hath life, and fowl. (v.20)
Notice that the waters brought forth the living creatures -- God didn't create them directly.
The same language is used to describe the origin of land animals verse 11 in and
plants in verse 24.
From what were the animals created?
From what were the fowls created?
Does the Bible teach evolution?
- God made the beast of the earth. (v.25)
Were humans created before the other animals?
"The beast of the earth"
- God said, Let us make man in our image. (v.26)
How many gods are there?
- Let them have dominion. (v.26)
This couldn't be true, of course,
since millions of other species existed for millions of years before humans existed. But this verse is used
by fundamentalist Christians to justify their mistreatment of other species and disregard for the environment.
After all, they believe that God created the other species just for them, so they can do whatever they please with them.
- Male and female created he them. (v.27)
God created humans -- male and female -- in his own image. So does this
mean that God is both male and female?
When was Eve created?
Did God originally create humans male and female?
When was Adam created?
Is God both male and female?
- Be fruitful, and multipl.y (v.28)
This verse is used to justify Christian opposition to birth control.
What the Bible says about birth control
Is childbearing sinful?
- I have given you every herb ... and every tree ... for meat. (v.29)
Since many plants have evolved poisons to protect against animals that would like to eat them, God's advice is more than a little reckless.
Would you tell your children to go out in the garden and eat whatever plants they encounter? Of course not. But then, you are much nicer
and smarter than God.
May Adam eat from any tree?
What should we eat?
Is it okay to smoke marijuana?
- To every beast ... I have given every green herb for meat. (v.30)
All animals were originally herbivores. Tapeworms, vampire bats, mosquitoes, and barracudas -- all were strict
vegetarians, as created by God.
- Behold, it was very good. (v.31)
God purposefully designed a system that ensures the suffering and death of all his creatures,
parasite and host, predator and prey.
- Have dominion over every living thing.
- Let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
- Have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
- Be fruitful and multiply.
- Be fruitful, and multiply. 1:28a
- Replenish the earth.
- Replenish the earth. 1:28b
- Subdue the earth.
- Subdue it [the earth]. 1:28c
- Be a vegan.
- And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and
every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. 1:29
Drunk With Blood: Genesis