When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and sent him away to
Padanaram, to take him a wife from thence; and that as he blessed him he
gave him a charge, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughers of
And that Jacob obeyed his father and his mother, and was gone to
And Esau seeing that the daughters of Canaan pleased not Isaac his father;
Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and
took unto the wives which he had Mahalath
the daughter of Ishmael Abraham's son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be his
"Esau ... took unto the wives which he had Mahalath ... to be his wife."
Esau, who already had two wives (26:34), "takes" another. Is polygamy OK?
And Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran.
And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because
the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for
his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.
(28:13-14) "To thee will I give it, and to thy seed."
God repeats the same (land/progeny) promise
that he previously made to Abraham (13:15,
15:18, 17:8). Once again, the
promise wasn't kept. The descendents of Jacob (the Jews) are not particularly
numerous, have seldom possessed much of the land in question, and the nations on
earth haven't been blessed by them.
(28:13) "I am the LORD ... the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed"
(28:14) "And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east,
and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed."
And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it
reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on
And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the
God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to
28:14And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread
abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and
in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou
goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee,
until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of.
And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the LORD is in this
place; and I knew it not.
And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place! this is none
other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.
(28:19) "He called the name of that place Bethel."
Jacob names Bethel for the first time, before
meeting Rachel. Later in 35:15, just before Rachel dies, he
names Bethel again. (And it was called Bethel long before it was named Bethel in 12:8 and
13:3.) When did Jacob rename Luz to Bethel?
(28:20-21) Jacob says that if God will be with him, feed him and clothe him, and help him to return home in peace, then
Jacob will be his God. (If you give me what I want, I'll worship you.)
(28:20) "Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in
this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,"
(28:21) "So that I come again to my father's house in peace; then shall the LORD be
And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put
for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of
28:19And he called the name
of that place Bethel: but the name of that city was called Luz at the
And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in
this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,
28:21 So that I come again to my father's house in peace; then shall the LORD be
And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God's house: and
of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee.