Exodus 34

Replacement Tablets
34:1-28
Cf. Dt 10:1-5

34:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest.

God said to Moses,
Make two stone tablets like the ones that you broke. I'll write the same words that were on the originals. [1]

Who wrote the ten commandments?

34:2 And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount.

34:3 And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount.

Present yourself to me tomorrow morning on the top of Mount Sinai.

But keep all other people and animals away from the mountain.

34:4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone.

So Moses cut two stone tablets that were like the first ones. Then, early the next morning, he carried them up mount Sinai.

Where did Moses receive the ten commandments?

34:5 And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD.

When Moses got to the top of the mountain, God descended in a cloud and stood there with him, while making a little speech.

Does God have a body?

34:6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,

He began by introducing himself to Moses, saying:

I am the Lord, the Lord God, merciful, gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth.

34:7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.

I am merciful and forgiving, although I punish children for what their fathers did, even for what their great-great grandfathers did a hundred years before they were born.

Is God merciful?
Are we punished for the sins of others?

34:8 And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped.

34:9 And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O LORD, let my LORD, I pray thee, go among us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance.

Moses bowed down so low that his head touched the ground, and said,

Please go with us, for we are a stiffnecked people.

Forgive our sins and take us for your inheritance.

34:10 And he said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which thou art shall see the work of the LORD: for it is a terrible thing that I will do with thee.

God said to Moses,

I'll make a covenant with you.

I'll do marvels and a terrible thing like no one has ever seen before.

34:11 Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.

You will obey the commands that I give you today.

And I'll drive out all the people who live on the land where you're going. [2]

34:12 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee:

Make sure that you don't make any covenants with them.

34:13 But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves:

Destroy all their altars, images, and groves.

How should the Canaanites be treated?

34:14 For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God:

And don't worship any other god.

Because my name is "Jealous" and I am a jealous God.

How many gods are there?
What is God's name?

34:15 Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and one call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice;

So don't make any covenants with them, don't go whoring after their gods, and don't eat any sacrifices to them.

34:16 And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods.

Don't take their daughters for your sons, because their daughters go a whoring after their gods and they'll make your sons go a whoring after their gods. [3]

Will God destroy those that intermarry?

34:17 Thou shalt make thee no molten gods.

Don't make any molten gods.

34:18 The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt.

Keep the feast of unleaven bread.

34:19 All that openeth the matrix is mine; and every firstling among thy cattle, whether ox or sheep, that is male.

The first male offspring of every womb belongs to me.

34:20 But the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb: and if thou redeem him not, then shalt thou break his neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And none shall appear before me empty.

But your first male ass you shall redeem with a lamb.

If you fail to redeem him, you must break his neck.

You must redeem all your sons. [4]

No one shall appear before me empty.

34:21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.

Don't work on the seventh day.

Is it necessary to keep the sabbath?

`

34:22 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

Observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits, and of ingathering.

34:23 Thrice in the year shall all your menchildren appear before the LORD God, the God of Israel.

Three times a year all your men must appear before me. [5]

34:24 For I will cast out the nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders: neither shall any man desire thy land, when thou shalt go up to appear before the LORD thy God thrice in the year.

I'll cast out the nations before you and enlarge your borders.

No one will want your land. [6]

34:25 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left unto the morning.

Don't offer the blood of my sacrifices with leaven.

And don't leave any leftovers from your passover sacrifice until morning.

34:26 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring unto the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.

Bring your first fruits to my house.

Don't boil a kid in its mother's milk.

34:27 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel.

God said to Moses,

Write these words; they are my covenant with you and Israel.

Who wrote the ten commandments?

34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

While Moses was up on mount Sinai with God, he went without food or water for 40 days and nights.

And he [Moses or God?] wrote upon the tablets the words of the covenant, the ten commandments. [7]

The shining face of Moses
34:29-35

34:29 And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him.

When Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables, the skin on his face shined.

34:30 And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him.

34:31 And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them.

The people were afraid to get near Moses because his face shined so brightly.

34:32 And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai.

But the people final came near Moses, and he gave them all the commandments that God told him about on Mount Sinai.

34:33 And till Moses had done speaking with them, he put a vail on his face.

After he finished speaking he put a veil on his face to hide his shining face.

34:34 But when Moses went in before the LORD to speak with him, he took the vail off, until he came out. And he came out, and spake unto the children of Israel that which he was commanded.

But Moses took his veil off when he talked to God.

34:35 And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the vail upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him.

When he came out to talk to the people, he put his veil back on.