In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the
land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.
For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of
Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the
(19:1-2) Three months after leaving Egypt, the Israelites camped out near Mount Sinai.
And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the
mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the
children of Israel;
Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles'
wings, and brought you unto myself.
(19:3) God called to Moses out of the mountain, saying the Israelites would be his
favorite people if they obey him.
Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the
So God is a talking mountain?
Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then
ye shall be a peculiar
treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine:
And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These
are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.
(19:5a) A peculiar treasure unto me above all people
God favors Israelites "above all people."
(19:5b) All the earth is mine.
Who owns the earth?
And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before
their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him.
And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath
spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD.
(19:7-8) Moses told the people what God said; they said they'd obey God.
And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that
the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And
Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.
(19:9) God told Moses that he'll come in a cloud, so the people can hear him and
believe Moses forever.
The LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud,
that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever.
And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day
and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes,
(19:10) He told Moses to sanctify the people and make them to wash their clothes.
And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come
down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.
And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed
to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of
it: whosoever toucheth the mount
shall be surely put to death:
There shall not an
hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be
beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they
shall come up to the mount.
And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the
people; and they washed their clothes.
(19:11) God said to be ready for the third day, when he will come down in sight of all the people.
Whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death ... he shall surely be stoned, or shot through;
whether it be beast or man.
He told Moses to make sure no one touches the mountain;
whoever does so will be stoned or shot through, whether man or beast. Did
Moses impose such severe penalties because he feared that someone might see him
fake his meeting with God?
What the Bible says about stoning
And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at
Be ready against the third day: come not at your wives.
Moses, like a coach giving
instructions to the team before the big game, tells the men to "come not at
your wives" before he goes up to Mt. Sinai.
And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were
thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of
the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp
And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and
they stood at the nether part of the mount.
And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon
it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and
the whole mount quaked greatly.
On the third day a magical trumpet blared while God came down in smoke, fire, and earthquakes onto Mt. Sinai,
saying, "I am Oz, the Great and
And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and
louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.
(19:19) A trumplet sounded long and loud. Then Moses spoke and God answered him by a voice.
And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the
LORD called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went up.
And the LORD said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break
through unto the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish.
And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify
themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.
And Moses said unto the LORD, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai:
for thou chargedst us, saying, Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it.
(19:21) God told Moses to keep the people away, lest they see God and die.
Like the great and powerful Wizard of Oz, nobody can see God and live. Not nobody. Not Nohow.
And the LORD said unto him, Away, get thee down, and thou shalt come up,
thou, and Aaron with thee: but let not the priests and the people break
through to come up unto the LORD, lest he break forth upon them.
So Moses went down unto the people, and spake unto them.
(19:24-25) God told Moses to go down the mountain, and then come up later with Aaron.