Cruelty and Violence
Science and History
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|19:1 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.||
"Pilate ... took Jesus ... and the soldiers ...
put on him a purple robe."
Who put the robe on Jesus?
What color was Jesus' robe?
|19:2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his
head, and they put on him a purple robe,
And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.
Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring
him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.||
Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe.
And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man!||
When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out,
saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and
crucify him: for I find no fault in him.||
(19:7-15) The Jews are
blamed for the death of Jesus.
(19:7) "The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die."
The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die,
because he made himself the Son of God.
When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;||
And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art
thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.||
Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not
that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?||
Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it
were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath
the greater sin.||
(19:12) "Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go,
thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar."
(19:14a) "It was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour."
When (at what time of day) was Jesus crucified?
Was Jesus crucified the day before or the day after the Passover meal?
(19:14b) "He saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!"
(19:15) "But they cried out ... crucify him. Pilate saith unto them,
Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar."
(19:17) "He [Jesus] bearing his cross went forth into ... Golgotha."
Who carried Jesus' cross?
(19:19) "Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross.
And the writing was JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS."
What did the sign over Jesus say?
(19:24) "Let us ... cast lots for it."
Is it OK to gamble?
(19:25) "There stood by the cross of Jesus his mother,
and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene."
From where were the women watching?
(19:26) "The disciple standing by, whom he loved"
Strange Flesh: The disciple whom Jesus loved - at the cruxifixion
Was Jesus gay?
(19:29) "They filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop,
and put it to his mouth."
What did the soldiers give Jesus to drink?
(19:30) "When Jesus ... received the vinegar, he said, It is finished, and he bowed his head,
and gave up the ghost."
Did Jesus drink on the cross?
What were the last words of Jesus?
(19:33-36) The soldiers didn't break Jesus' legs because he was already dead.
Verse 36 claims that this fulfilled a prophecy: "Not a bone of him shall be
broken." But there is no such prophecy in the Old Testament.
It is sometimes said that the prophecy appears in Ex.12:46,
Num.9:12 and Ps.34:20. But Exodus 12:46 and
Numbers 9:12 are not prophecies, they are commandments. The Israelites are told
not to break the bones of the Passover lamb, and this is all it is about. And
Psalm 34:20 seems to refer to righteous people in general (see verse 19, where a
plural is used), not to make a prophecy about a specific person.)
(19:33) "When they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs."
(19:36) "These things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken."
(19:38) "For fear of the Jews"
You've got to watch out for Jews wherever you go.
(19:38-42) Who buried Jesus?
(19:38) "Joseph of Arimathaea ... besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave.
He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus."
(19:39) "And there came also Nicodemus."
(19:40) "Then took they the body of Jesus."
(19:41) "In the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre,
wherein was never man yet laid."
(19:42) "There laid they Jesus."
And from thenceforth Pilate
sought to release him: but the Jews cried out,
saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever
maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.
When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat
down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the
And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour:
and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!
But they cried out, Away with
him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate
saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We
have no king but Caesar.
Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took
Jesus, and led him away.
And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is
called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and
Jesus in the midst.
And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was
JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.
This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was
crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and
Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of
the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.
Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.
Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and
made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat
was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but
cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be
fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast
lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.
Now there stood by the
cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of
Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.
When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he
loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!
Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that
disciple took her unto his own home.
After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the
scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.
Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it
upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his
head, and gave up the ghost.
The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should
not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an
high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they
might be taken away.
Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other
which was crucified with him.
But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake
not his legs:
But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came
there out blood and water.
And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth
that he saith true, that ye might believe.
For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone
of him shall not be broken.
And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they
And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but
secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the
body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and
took the body of Jesus.
|19:39 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night,
and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight.
|19:40 Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the
spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.
|19:41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the
garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid.
|19:42 There laid they Jesus
therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for
the sepulchre was nigh at hand.
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