0 SAB 2 Machabees 9

It is therefore a holy and wholesome thought to pray for the dead, that they may be loosed from sins. 12:48

Trivia: Who created the first and only library mentioned in the Bible?

2 Machabees


The miserable death of Antiochus IV
Cruelty & ViolenceAbsurdity9:1-29

1 At that time Antiochus returned with dishonour out of Persia.

When Antiochus IV returned from Persia, he heard about what had happened to Nicanor and Timotheus.

2 For he had entered into the city called Persepolis, and attempted to rob the temple, and to oppress the city: but the multitude running together to arms, put them to flight: and so it fell out that Antiochus being put to flight returned with disgrace.

3 Now when he was come about Ecbatana, he received the news of what had happened to Nicanor and Timotheus.

4 And swelling with anger he thought to revenge upon the Jews the injury done by them that had put him to flight. And therefore he commanded his chariot to be driven, without stopping in his journey, the judgment of heaven urging him forward, because he had spoken so proudly, that he would come to Jerusalem, and make it a common burying place of the Jews.

So he commanded that his chariot be driven, without stopping, to Jerusalem.

5But the Lord the God of Israel, that seeth all things, struck him with an incurable and an invisible plague. For as soon as he had ended these words, a dreadful pain in his bowels came upon him, and bitter torments of the inner parts.

But God struck him with an incurable bowel disease, tormenting his inner parts,

6 And indeed very justly, seeing he had tormented the bowels of others with many and new torments, albeit he by no means ceased from his malice.

which was fitting, since he had tormented the bowels of other people.

7 Moreover being filled with pride, breathing out fire in his rage against the Jews, and commanding the matter to be hastened, it happened as he was going with violence that he fell from the chariot, so that his limbs were much pained by a grievous bruising of the body.

While suffering from his bowel disease, Antiochus, fell out of the chariot, which caused pain throughout his whole body.

8 Thus he that seemed to himself to command even the waves of the sea, being proud above the condition of man, and to weigh the heights of the mountains in a balance, now being cast down to the ground, was carried in a litter, bearing witness to the manifest power of God in himself:

9 So that worms swarmed out of the body of this man, and whilst he lived in sorrow and pain, his flesh fell off, and the filthiness of his smell was noisome to the army.

Worms also swarmed out of this body, while his flesh fell off, and his whole body smelled so awful that it disgusted his army.

10 And the man that thought a little before he could reach to the stars of heaven, no man could endure to carry, for the intolerable stench.

No one could his dead body because it smelled so bad.

11 And by this means, being brought from his great pride, he began to come to the knowledge of himself, being admonished by the scourge of God, his pains increasing every moment.

In this way God punished him, with his pain increasing every moment.

12 And when he himself could not now abide his own stench, he spoke thus: It is just to be subject to God, and that a mortal man should not equal himself to God.

He smelled so bad, that even he couldn't stand his own stench.

13Then this wicked man prayed to the Lord, of whom he was not like to obtain mercy.

So he prayed to God for mercy.

14 And the city to which he was going in haste to lay it even with the ground, and to make it a, common buryingplace, he now desireth to make free.

He said that he would make Jerusalem free.

15 And the Jews whom he said he would not account worthy to be so much as buried, but would give them up to be devoured by the birds and wild beasts, and would utterly destroy them with their children, he now promiseth to make equal with the Athenians.

And said that the Jews would now be equal to the Athenians.

16 The holy temple also which before he had spoiled, he promiseth to adorn with goodly gifts, and to multiply the holy vessels, and to allow out of his revenues the charges pertaining to the sacrifices.

He promised to adorn the temple with gifts and holy vessels.

17Yea also, that he would become a Jew himself, and would go through every place of the earth, and declare the power of God.

And said he would become a Jew himself, and go throughout the earth declaring the power of God.

18But his pains not ceasing (for the just judgment of God was come upon him) despairing of life he wrote to the Jews in the manner of a supplication, a letter in these words:

Finally, he wrote this letter to the Jews, saying:

19 To his very good subjects the Jews, Antiochus king and ruler wisheth much health and welfare, and happiness.

I hope you are all well.

20 If you and your children are well, and if all matters go with you to your mind, we give very great thanks.

21 As for me, being infirm, but yet kindly remembering you, returning out of the places of Persia, and being taken with a grievous disease, I thought it necessary to take care for the common good:

I am suffering from a grievous disease.

22 Not distrusting my life, but having great hope to escape the sickness.

And although I hope to revover from it, 

23 But considering that my father also, at what time he led an army into the higher countries, appointed who should reign after him:

24 To the end that if any thing contrary to expectation should fall out, or any bad tidings should be brought, they that were in the countries, knowing to whom the whole government was left, might not be troubled.

25 Moreover, considering that neighbouring princes and borderers wait for opportunities, and expect what shall be the event, I have appointed my son Antiochus king, whom I often recommended to many of you, when I went into the higher provinces: and I have written to him what I have joined here below.

26 I pray you therefore, and request of you, that remembering favours both public and private, you will every man of you continue to be faithful to me and to my son.

I hope you will be faithful to my son (Antiochus V) if I don't.

27 For I trust that he will behave with moderation and humanity, and following my intentions, will be gracious unto you.

Best wishes, Antiochus IV.

28 Thus the murderer and blasphemer, being grievously struck, as himself had treated others, died a miserable death in a strange country among the mountains.

And so he died a miserable death.

29 But Philip that was brought up with him, carried away his body: and out of fear of the son of Antiochus, went into Egypt to Ptolemee Philometor.

Philip carried away his body, and fled to Egypt out of fear of his son.


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