0 SAB 2 Machabees 4

The temple was full of the riot and revellings of the Gentiles: and of men lying with lewd women. And women thrust themselves of their accord into the holy places, and brought in things that were not lawful. 6:4

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2 Machabees


Jason replaces Onias as high priest

1 But Simon, of whom we spoke before, and of his country, spoke ill of Onias, as though he had incited Heliodorus to do these things, and had been the promoter of evils:

Simon accused Onias of asking Heliodorus to rob the temple, calling him a traitor.

2 And he presumed to call him a traitor to the kingdom, who provided for the city, and defended his nation, and was zealous for the law of God.

3 But when the enmities proceeded so far, that murders also were committed by some of Simon's friends:

4 Onias considering the danger of this contention, and that Apollonius, who was the governor of Celesyria and Phenicia, was outrageous, which increased the malice of Simon, went to the king,

Onias went to visit the king (Antiochus).

5 Not to be an accuser of his countrymen, but with a view to the common good of all the people.

6 For he saw that, except the king took care, it was impossible that matters should be settled in peace, or that Simon would cease from his folly.

7 But after the death of Seleucus, when Antiochus, who was called the Illustrious, had taken possession of the kingdom, Jason the brother of Onias ambitiously sought the high priesthood:

While Onias was away, Jason, Onias's brother, tried to replace him as high priest.

8 And went to the king, promising him three hundred and sixty talents of silver, and out of other revenues fourscore talents.

He promised to give 360 talents of silver to king Antiochus.

9 Besides this he promised also a hundred and fifty more, if he might have license to set him up a place for exercise, and a place for youth, and to entitle them, that were at Jerusalem, Antiochians.

And 150 more talents to build a place for exercise and for young people.

10 Which when the king had granted, and he had gotten the rule into his hands, forthwith he began to bring over his countrymen to the fashion of the heathens.

The king granted Jason's request, and the people began to live like heathens.

Jason set up places of exercise
AbsurdityIntoleranceInjustice 4:11-20

11 And abolishing those things, which had been decreed of special favour by the kings in behalf of the Jews, by the means of John the father of that Eupolemus, who went ambassador to Rome to make amity and alliance, he disannulled the lawful ordinances of the citizens, and brought in fashions that were perverse.

And Jason brought in perverse fashions.

12 For he had the boldness to set up, under the very castle, a place of exercise, and to put all the choicest youths in brothel houses.

He even set up places for exercise and put the best youths in brothel houses. [1]

13 Now this was not the beginning, but an increase, and progress of heathenish and foreign manners, through the abominable and unheard of wickedness of Jason, that impious wretch and no priest.

Thus the wicked and abominable Jason made the people more heathen-like by adopting foreign customs and manners. 

14 Insomuch that the priests were not now occupied about the offices of the altar, but despising the temple and neglecting the sacrifices, hastened to be partakers of the games, and of the unlawful allowance thereof, and of the exercise of the discus.

The priests despised the temple and neglected their animal sacrifices, and began to play games and exercise with the discus.

15 And setting nought by the honours of their fathers, they esteemed the Grecian glories for the best:

They liked the Greek glories the best.

16 For the sake of which they incurred a dangerous contention, and followed earnestly their ordinances, and in all things they coveted to be like them, who were their enemies and murderers.

17 For acting wickedly against the laws of God doth not pass unpunished: but this the time following will declare.

But God will punish them for their wickedness.

18 Now when the game that was used every fifth year was kept at Tyre, the king being present,

Every fifth year there were games held in Tyre.

19 The wicked Jason sent from Jerusalem sinful men to carry three hundred didrachmas of silver for the sacrifice of Hercules; but the bearers thereof desired it might not be bestowed on the sacrifices, because it was not necessary, but might be deputed for other charges.

The wicked Jason sent sinful men from Jerusalem to carry silver to Tyre to sacrifice to Hercules.

20 So the money was appointed by him that sent it to the sacrifice of Hercules: but because of them that carried it was employed for the making of galleys.

But they used the silver to make galleys instead.

Menelaus becomes high priest
Absurdity 4:21-26

21 Now when Apollonius the son of Mnestheus was sent into Egypt to treat with the nobles of king Philometor, and Antiochus understood that he was wholly excluded from the affairs of the kingdom, consulting his own interest, he departed thence and came to Joppe, and from thence to Jerusalem:

Apollonius came to Jerusalem where he was received by Jason in a magnificent manner with great ceremony.

22 Where he was received in a, magnificent manner by Jason, and the city, and came in with torch lights, and with praises, and from thence he returned with his army into Phenicia.

23 Three years afterwards Jason sent Menelaus, brother of the aforesaid Simon, to carry money to the king, and to bring answers from him concerning certain necessary affairs.

Three years later, Jason sent Menelaus, Simon's brother, to deliver money to the king.

24 But he being recommended to the king, when he had magnified the appearance of his power, got the high priesthood for himself, by offering more than Jason by three hundred talents of silver.

While there, he convinced the king to make him the high priest by giving him 300 talents of silver. 

25 So having received the king's mandate, he returned bringing nothing worthy of the high priesthood: but having the mind of a cruel tyrant, and the rage of a savage beast.

So when Menelaus (who had the mind of a cruel tyrant, and the rage of a savage beast) became high priest, he drove out Jason, who became a fugitive among the Ammonites.

26 Then Jason, who had undermined his own brother, being himself undermined, was driven out a fugitive into the country of the Ammonites.

Lysimachus becomes high priest

27 So Menelaus got the principality: but as for the money he had promised to the king he took no care, when Sostratus the governor of the castle called for it.

But Menelaus didn't give the money that he had promised to the king. 

28 For to him appertained the gathering of the taxes: wherefore they were both called before the king.

So the king removed Menelaus as high priest,

29 And Menelaus was removed from the priesthood, Lysimachus his brother succeeding: and Sostratus was made governor of the Cyprians.

and his brother, Lysimachus, replaced him.

30 When these things were in doing, it fell out that they of Tharsus and Mallos raised a sedition, because they were given for a gift to Antiochis, the king's concubine.

Then while the king was away, he made Andronicus his regent.

31 The king therefore went in all haste to appease them, leaving Andronicus, one of his nobles, for his deputy.

32 Then Menelaus supposing that he had found a convenient time, having stolen certain vessels of gold out of the temple, gave them to Andronicus, and others he had sold at Tyre, and in the neighbouring cities.

Menelaus gave some gold vessels to Andronicus that he had stolen from the temple.

Onias is killed

33 Which when Onias understood most certainly, he reproved him, keeping himself in a safe place at Antioch beside Daphne.

Onias criticized him for this, while hiding in Antioch at the temple of Daphne.

34 Whereupon Menelaus coming to Andronicus, desired him to kill Onias. And he went to Onias, and gave him his right hand with an oath, and (though he were suspected by him) persuaded him to come forth out of the sanctuary, and immediately slew him, without any regard to justice.

Menelaus asked Andronicus to kill Onias, which he did.

35 For which cause not only the Jews, but also the other nations, conceived indignation, and were much grieved for the unjust murder of so great a man.

Andronicus is killed
AbsurdityCruelty & ViolenceIntolerance4:36-38

36 And when the king was come back from the places of Cilicia, the Jews that were at Antioch, and also the Greeks went to him: complaining of the unjust murder of Onias.

When the king returned, the Jews and Greeks of Antioch complained to him about the murder of Onias.

37Antiochus therefore was grieved in his mind for Onias, and being moved to pity, shed tears, remembering the sobriety and modesty of the deceased.

This upset Antiochus so much that he began to cry.

38 And being inflamed to anger, he commanded Andronicus to be stripped of his purple, and to be led about through all the city: and that in the same place wherein he had committed the impiety against Onias, the sacrilegious wretch should be put to death, the Lord repaying him his deserved punishment.

He commanded Andronicus to be stripped of his purple clothes and led about through the city. Then he had the sacrilegious wretch killed, God delivered him his deserved punishment.

Lysimachus is killed
AbsurdityIntoleranceCruelty & Violence4:39-50

39 Now when many sacrileges had been committed by Lysimachus in the temple by the counsel of Menelaus, and the rumour of it was spread abroad, the multitude gathered themselves together against Lysimachus, a great quantity of gold being already carried away.

The people were angry at Lysimachus for stealing gold from the temple.

40 Wherefore the multitude making an insurrection, and their minds being filled with anger, Lysimachus armed about three thousand men, and began to use violence, one Tyrannus being captain, a man far gone both in age, and in madness.

So Lysimachus formed an army of 3000 to protect him.

41 But when they perceived the attempt of Lysimachus, some caught up stones, some strong clubs: and some threw ashes upon Lysimachus,

The people began to throw stones, clubs, and ashes at Lysimachus.

42 And many of them were wounded, and some struck down to the ground, but all were put to flight: and as for the sacrilegious fellow himself, they slew him beside the treasury.

They killed or wounded many of his army, and the rest ran away. Then they killed Lysimachus, that  sacrilegious fellow, himself. [2]

43 Now concerning these matters, an accusation was laid against Menelaus.

Then the people complained to the king about Menelaus.

44 And when the king was come to Tyre, three men were sent from the ancients to plead the cause before him.

45 But Menelaus being convicted, promised Ptolemee to give him much money to persuade the king to favour him.

But Menelaus gave money to Ptomlmee as a bribe.

46 So Ptolemee went to the king in a certain court where he was, as it were to cool himself, and brought him to be of another mind:

47 So Menelaus who was guilty of all the evil, was acquitted by him of the accusations: and those poor men, who, if they had pleaded their cause even before Scythians, should have been judged innocent, were condemned to death.

So Menelaus was acquitted, and the men who had accused him were condemned to death.

48 Thus they that prosecuted the cause for the city, and for the people, and the sacred vessels, did soon suffer unjust punishment.

49 Wherefore even the Tyrians being moved with indignation, were liberal towards their burial.

50 And so through the covetousness of them that were in power, Menelaus continued in authority, increasing in malice to the betraying of the citizens.

And so Menelaus continued in authority, increasing his malice toward the citizens.


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