0 SAB 2 Machabees 12

Thou, O Lord, who didst send thy angel ... and didst kill a hundred and eighty 15:22

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2 Machabees


Jews are drowned and cities are burned
Cruelty & Violence12:1-9

1 When these covenants were made, Lysias went to the king, and the Jews gave themselves to husbandry.

2 But they that were behind, namely, Timotheus and Apollonius the son of Genneus, also Hieronymus, and Demophon, and besides them Nicanor the governor of Cyprus, would not suffer them to live in peace, and to be quiet.

3 The men of Joppe also were guilty of this kind of wickedness: they desired the Jews who dwelt among them to go with their wives and children into the boats, which they had prepared, as though they had no enmity to them.

The people of Joppe persuaded the Jews in their city to embark on boats. Then they went out to sea and drowned more than 200 of them. 

4 Which when they had consented to, according to the common decree of the city, suspecting nothing, because of the peace: when they were gone forth into the deep, they drowned no fewer than two hundred of them.

5 But as soon as Judas heard of this cruelty done to his countrymen, he commanded the men that were with him: and after having called upon God the just judge,

When Judas heard about it, he commanded his men to burn the city of Joppe, burn the boats, and kill whoever escaped from the fire

6He came against those murderers of his brethren, and set the haven on fire in the night, burnt the boats, and slew with the sword them that escaped from the fire.

7 And when he had done these things in this manner, he departed as if he would return again, and root out all the Joppites.

8 But when he understood that the men of Jamnia also designed to do in like manner to the Jews that dwelt among them,

But then he heard that the people of Jamnia planned to do the same thing to the Jews.

9He came upon the Jamnites also by night, and set the haven on fire with the ships, so that the light of the fire was seen at Jerusalem two hundred and forty furlongs off.

So he set the city on fire and burning their boats.

God help Judas make a huge pool of blood
Cruelty & ViolenceInjusticeIntolerance12:10-16

10 And when they were now gone from thence nine furlongs, and were marching towards Timotheus, five thousand footmen and five hundred horsemen of the Arabians set upon them.

Meanwhile, Timotheus [1] and 5000 Arabian horsemen attacked them.

11 And after a hard fight, in which by the help of God they got the victory, the rest of the Arabians being overcome, besought Judas for peace, promising to give him pastures, and to assist him in other things.

But Judas and his men, with the help of God, defeated them.

12 And Judas thinking that they might be profitable indeed in many things, promised them peace, and after having joined hands, they departed to their tents.

13 He also laid siege to a certain strong city, encompassed with bridges and walls, and inhabited by multitudes of different nations, the name of which is Casphin.

Judas also attacked the city of Casphin.

14 But they that were within it, trusting in the strength of the walls, and the provision of victuals, behaved in a more negligent manner, and provoked Judas with railing and blaspheming, and uttering such words as were not to be spoken.

The people of Casphin provoked Judas by blaspheming, saying things that shouldn't be said.

15 But Machabeus calling upon the great Lord of the world, who without any rams or engines of war threw down the walls of Jericho in the time of Josue, fiercely assaulted the walls.

Judas asked God to help him, like he did Joshua at the battle of Jericho.

16And having taken the city by the will of the Lord, he made an unspeakable slaughter, so that a pool adjoining of two furlongs broad seemed to run with the blood of the slain.

And after taking the city with by God's will, Judas made an unspeakable slaughter of its inhabitants, so that a pool two furlongs [2] wide formed from the blood of the victims.

More slaughters by Judas
AbsurdityCruelty & Violence12:17-38

17 From thence they departed seven hundred and fifty furlongs, and came to Characa to the Jews that are called Tubianites.

18 But as for Timotheus, they found him not in those places, for before he had dispatched any thing he went back, having left a very strong garrison in a certain hold:

19 But Dositheus, and Sosipater, who were captains with Machabeus, slew them that were left by Timotheus in the hold, to the number of ten thousand men.

Two of Judas's captains, Dositheus, and Sosipater, killed 10,000 men in Timotheus's stronghold.

20 And Machabeus having set in order about him six thousand men, and divided them by bands, went forth against Timotheus, who had with him a hundred and twenty thousand footmen, and two thousand five hundred horsemen.

Judas sent an army of 6000 to fight against Timotheus, who had an army of 120,000 men and 2500 horsemen.

21 Now when Timotheus had knowledge of the coming of Judas, he sent the women and children, and the other baggage before him into a fortress, called Carnion: for it was impregnable and hard to come at, by reason of the straitness of the places.

22 But when the first band of Judas came in sight, the enemies were struck with fear, by the presence of God, who seeth all things, and they were put to flight one from another, so that they were often thrown down by their own companions, and wounded with the strokes of their own swords.

When the army of Timotheus saw Judas's army, they were afraid of the presence of God, and started to kill each other with their own swords.

23 But Judas was vehemently earnest in punishing the profane, of whom he slew thirty thousand men.

And so Judas killed 30,000 men for their profanities.

24 And Timotheus himself fell into the hands of the band of Dositheus and Sosipater, and with many prayers he besought them to let him go with his life, because he had the parents and brethren of many of the Jews, who, by his death, might happen to be deceived.

Timotheus was captured, but he was released, since he told them that he had captured their friends and relatives who would not be released if he were killed.

25 And when he had given his faith that he would restore them according to the agreement, they let him go without hurt, for the saving of their brethren.

26Then Judas went away to Carnion, where he slew five and twenty thousand persons.

Then Judas went to Carnion, where he killed 25,000 people.

27 And after he had put to flight and destroyed these, he removed his army to Ephron, a strong city, wherein there dwelt a multitude of divers nations: and stout young men standing upon the walls made a vigorous resistance: and in this place there were many engines of war, and a provision of darts.

28 But when they had invocated the Almighty, who with his power breaketh the strength of the enemies, they took the city; and slew five and twenty thousand of them that were within.

And he did the same to the city of Ephron, killing another 25,000.

29 From thence they departed to Scythopolis, which lieth six hundred furlongs from Jerusalem.

30 But the Jews that were among the Scythopolitans testifying that they were used kindly by them, and that even in the times of their adversity they had treated them with humanity:

31 They gave them thanks exhorting them to be still friendly to their nation, and so they came to Jerusalem, the feast of the weeks being at hand.

32 And after Pentecost they marched against Gorgias the governor of Idumea.

After Pentecost, Judas and his army marched against Gorgias, the governor of Idumea.

33 And he came out with three thousand footmen, and four hundred horsemen.

34 And when they had joined battle, it happened that a few of the Jews were slain.

35 But Dositheus, a horseman, one of Bacenor's band, a valiant man, took hold of Gorgias: and when he would have taken him alive, a certain horseman of the Thracians came upon him, and cut off his shoulder: and so Gorgias escaped to Maresa.

36 But when they that were with Esdrin had fought long, and were weary, Judas called upon the Lord to be their helper, and leader of the battle:

Judas asked God to be their helper and leader in the battle, and began to sing hymns, which made Gorgias's solders run away.

37Then beginning in his own language, and singing hymns with a loud voice, he put Gorgias' soldiers to flight.

38 So Judas having gathered together his army, came into the city Odollam: and when the seventh day came, they purified themselves according to the custom, and kept the sabbath in the place.

Prayers for the dead
AbsurdityCruelty & ViolenceIntoleranceInjusticeInterpretations12:39-46

39 And the day following Judas came with his company, to take away the bodies of them that were slain, and to bury them with their kinsmen, in the sepulchres of their fathers.

Then Judas collected the bodies of his soldiers who had died in battle,  and he found the tokens of the idols of Jamnia, which if forbidden to the Jews. And so they plainly saw that this was the reason they had died in battle.

40 And they found under the coats of the slain some of the donaries of the idols of Jamnia, which the law forbiddeth to the Jews: so that all plainly saw, that for this cause they were slain.

41 Then they all blessed the just judgment of the Lord, who had discovered the things that were hidden.

42 And so betaking themselves to prayers, they besought him, that the sin which had been committed might be forgotten. But the most valiant Judas exhorted the people to keep themselves from sin, forasmuch as they saw before their eyes what had happened, because of the sins of those that were slain.

Judas told his soldiers not to sin, or they would be killed like the idol-wearing soldiers.

43 And making a gathering, he sent twelve thousand drachms of silver to Jerusalem for sacrifice to be offered for the sins of the dead, thinking well and religiously concerning the resurrection,

And he sent silver to Jerusalem to be offered for the sins of the dead.

44(For if he had not hoped that they that were slain should rise again, it would have seemed superfluous and vain to pray for the dead,)

(Because he hoped the dead would rise again. Otherwise there would be no reason to pray for the dead.)

45 And because he considered that they who had fallen asleep with godliness, had great grace laid up for them.

46It is therefore a holy and wholesome thought to pray for the dead, that they may be loosed from sins.

It is, therefore, a holy and wholesome thing to pray fro the dead, so they can be delivered from their sins. [3]


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