Cruelty and Violence
Science and History
(20:1) "Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark ... seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre."
When did the women (or woman) arrive?
How many women came?
Was the tomb opened or closed when the women arrived?
"The other disciple, whom Jesus loved"
Strange Flesh: The disciple whom Jesus loved - the race to the tomb
(20:9) "For as yet they knew
not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead."
Did Jesus tell the apostles about his resurrection?
(20:11-14) "Mary ... saw Jesus."
To whom did Jesus first appear?
Were the men or angels sitting or standing?
Was Mary Magdalene happy or sad when she saw the risen Jesus?
(20:12) "Two angels ... sitting ... where the body of Jesus had lain."
Were the men (or angels) inside or outside?
Who did the women see?
(20:14) "She [Mary Magdalene] ... saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus."
(Maybe it wasn't Jesus.)
Did Mary Magdalene recognize Jesus?
(20:17a) "Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father."
Jesus tells Mary Magdalene not to touch him because he hasn't yet ascended
-- as if the touch of a woman would defile him and somehow prevent him from
ascending into heaven. If he was untouchable before his ascenstion, why did he insist that Thomas touch him
(Jn.20:27) and allow others to touch him and hold him by the feet before his
Was it OK to touch the risen Jesus?
(20:17b) "I ascend unto my Father, and your Father."
Are we all God's children?
Did Jesus go to heaven after he died but before his ascension?
(20:17c) "To my God, and your God"
Is Jesus God?
"The same day at evening ... when the doors were shut ... came Jesus and stood in the midst."
After his resurrection, Jesus could walk through walls.
Where did Jesus first appear to his disciples?
(20:19b) "For fear of the Jews"
(20:20) "Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the LORD."
Were the disciples glad or frightened when they saw Jesus?
(20:22) "Receive ye the Holy Ghost."
When was the Holy Ghost given?
(20:24) "Thomas ... was not with them when Jesus came."
How many disciples did Jesus appear to in his first post resurrection appearance?
(20:25) "The print of the nails"
Torture stake or cross?
(20:26) "After eight days ... came
Jesus, the doors being shut,and stood in the midst."
Jesus walked through walls again! You just can't keep that guy out.
When did Jesus ascent into heaven?
(20:27) "Then saith he to Thomas ... reach hither thy hand,
and thrust it into my side."
Was it OK to touch the risen Jesus?
(20:28) "Thomas ... said ... My LORD and my God."
If Jesus (like the Jehovah's Witnesses) didn't believe himself
to be God, then why didn't he correct Thomas when he said, "My Lord and my God"?
Is Jesus God?
(20:29) "Blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed." Blessed are
they that believe stupid things without (or even contrary to) evidence?
Should we believe in unseen things?
"Many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples."
Did Jesus perform many signs?
(20:30-31) "These are written, that ye might believe."
The gospel of John seems to come to an end with verses 20:30-31, with the next chapter tacked on as a later
addition. This is, in fact, what most scholars believe today.1
The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the
sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.
Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple,
whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the LORD out of
the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.
Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the
So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and
came first to the sepulchre.
And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet
went he not in.
Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and
seeth the linen clothes lie,
And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes,
but wrapped together in a place by itself.
Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre,
and he saw, and believed.
For as yet they knew
not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.
Then the disciples went away again unto their own home.
But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she
stooped down, and looked
into the sepulchre,
And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the
feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.
And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them,
Because they have taken away my LORD, and I know not where they have laid
And when she had thus
said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that
it was Jesus.
Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She,
supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne
him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.
Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him,
Rabboni; which is to say, Master
Jesus saith unto her,
Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my
brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and
to my God, and your God.
Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the LORD, and
that he had spoken these things unto her.
Then the same day at
evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut
where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews,
came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith
unto them, Peace be unto you.
And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the
disciples glad, when they saw the LORD.
Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent
me, even so send I you.
And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them,
Receive ye the Holy Ghost:
Whosesoever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever
sins ye retain, they are retained.
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when
The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the LORD. But he
said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and
put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side,
I will not believe.
And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with
them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and
said, Peace be unto you.
Then saith he to
Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy
hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
And Thomas answered and said unto him, My LORD and my God.
Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast
believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are
not written in this book:
But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the
Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
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The Empty Tomb
- 1. Bart D. Ehrman,
Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind
Who Changed the Bible and Why, (2005), p.61