(1) "Jude, the ... brother of James"
The author claims to be "Jude, the brother or James," which means he is also claiming to be the brother of Jesus, since that was the most famous James among believers at the time (Gal.1:19).
He was lying, of course.
(2) "Mercy ... peace, and love, be multiplied."
(4) "There are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this
condemnation, ungodly men ... denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ."
God pre-ordained that certain "ungodly" men would deny Jesus. Do humans have free will?
What the Bible says about
(5) "The Lord ... destroyed them that believed not."
(7-8) "As Sodom and Gomorrha ... giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh ... suffering the vengeance of eternal fire
.... these filthy dreamers defile the flesh."
God sent "eternal fire" on the people of Sodom and Gomorrah for "going after strange flesh." What was Sodom's sin? Does hell exist?
(9) "Michael the archangel,
when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses."
This story is taken from the non-canonical book, The Assumption of Moses.
(14-15a) "Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,
To execute judgment upon all."
This prophecy is from the Book of
Enoch (which the author considered scripture and believed was written by Enoch), not from the Bible. Was Enoch the seventh from Adam?
"To convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly
committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him."
(Ungodly was the author of Jude's favorite word.)
(16) "These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts."
(17) "Remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles."
Jude was written in post-apostolic times, so it's author could not have been the apostle Jude (Luke 6:16;
Acts 1:13; cf John 14:22) as believers sometimes claim.
(18) "That they told you there should be mockers in the last time,
who should walk after their own ungodly lusts."
The author of Jude thought he was living in "the last time."
(22) "And of some have compassion, making a difference."
Make a difference in the world by having some compassion.
1Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are
sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ, and called:
2Mercy unto you, and peace, and love, be multiplied.
Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common
salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye
should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the
For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this
condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into
lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how
that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that
And the angels which kept
not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in
everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.
Even as Sodom and Gomorrha,
and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going
after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the
vengeance of eternal fire.
Likewise also these filthy
dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.
Yet Michael the archangel,
when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses,
durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke
But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they
know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.
Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily
after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of
These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you,
feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water, carried
about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead,
plucked up by the roots;
Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to
whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
And Enoch also, the seventh from
Adam,prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten
thousands of his saints,
15To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among
them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of
all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
16These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their
mouth speaketh great swelling words, having men's persons in admiration
because of advantage.
But, beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the
apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ;
How that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, who
should walk after their own ungodly lusts.
These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.
But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying
in the Holy Ghost,
Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord
Jesus Christ unto eternal life.
22And of some have compassion, making a difference:
And others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire; hating even the
garment spotted by the flesh.
Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you
faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy,
To the only wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and
power, both now and ever. Amen.