And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola the son of Puah, the
son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim.
And he judged Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried in Shamir.
And after him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty and two
(10:3-4) "Jair ... had thirty sons that rode on thirty ass colts, and they had thirty
And he had thirty sons that rode on thirty ass colts, and they had thirty
cities, which are called Havothjair unto this day, which are in the land of
And Jair died, and was buried in Camon.||
(10:6-16) This is the fifth time that the same stupid story is repeated in Judges.
(See Judges 2:14, 3:8, 4:2, and 6:1 for the others.)
So you know what's going to happen: The Israelites do evil in the sight of the Lord; God gets angry and sells them as slaves; the Israelites cry out to God; and God slaughters the people he sold the
A few details change each time the story is told: the number of years the Israelites are enslaved, the people that God sells them to, and the person God chooses to help with the massacre.
This time God chose Jephthah.
(10:6) "The children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD"
(10:7) "The anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them."
And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and
served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon,
and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of
the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him.
And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the
Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon.
And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen
years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the
land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead.
Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against
Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim; so that
Israel was sore distressed.
And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, saying, We have sinned
against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim.||
(10:10) "And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD."
And the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you from
the Egyptians, and from the Amorites, from the children of Ammon, and from
(10:11-14) "And the LORD said unto the children of Israel ... I will deliver
you no more ... Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen."
The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you;
and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand.||
Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver
you no more.||
Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the
time of your tribulation.||
And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou
unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee,
(10:15) "And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned."
And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD:
and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.||
(10:16) And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD:
and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel."
Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead.
And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in
And the people and princes of Gilead said one to another, What man is he
that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head
over all the inhabitants of Gilead. ||