1 Samuel 25

David threatens Nabal
25:1-13

25:1 And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran.

Samuel died. And David went into the wilderness of Paran.

25:2 And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.

25:3 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb.

Nabal was a wealthy man who was married to a beautiful and intelligent woman named Abigail.

25:4 And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep.

25:5 And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my name:

25:6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity, Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace be unto all that thou hast.

25:7 And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now thy shepherds which were with us, we hurt them not, neither was there ought missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel.

25:8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.

25:9 And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.

David heard that Nabal was shearing his sheep, so he sent ten young men to Carmel. He told them to greet Nabal in his name and then deliver the following message:

Peace be with you, and to your house, and all that belongs to you.

I hear you have shearers and shepherds. We haven't hurt them or stolen anything from them (so far).

Give us and David whatever you have.

25:10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is David? and who is the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from his master.

25:11 Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give it unto men, whom I know not whence they be?

Nabal answered,

Who the hell is David? I've never heard of him.

Do you expect me to take the food that I need to provide for my workers and give it to total strangers?

25:12 So David's young men turned their way, and went again, and came and told him all those sayings.

So David's young men returned to David and told him what Nabal had said.

25:13 And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded on his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and two hundred abode by the stuff.

When David heard this, he and 400 of his men girded their swords and went to visit Nabal.
Abigail meets David
25:14-35

25:14 But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our master; and he railed on them.

25:15 But the men were very good unto us, and we were not hurt, neither missed we any thing, as long as we were conversant with them, when we were in the fields:

25:16 They were a wall unto us both by night and day, all the while we were with them keeping the sheep.

25:17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for he is such a son of Belial, that a man cannot speak to him.

A young man told Abigail about the encounter between David's men and her husband, Nabal. He said,

They were nice to us and didn't steal anything. They even protected us while we watched the sheep.

You need to decide what to do; otherwise there's going to be trouble for us. Our master, Nabal, is such an SOB (son of Belial) that no one can talk to him.

25:18 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses.

So Abigail gathered 200 loaves of bread, two bottles of wine, five sheep ready to cook, five measures of corn, 100 clusters of raisins, and 200 fig cakes, and loaded it all on asses.

25:19 And she said unto her servants, Go on before me; behold, I come after you. But she told not her husband Nabal.

Abigail told her servants to go ahead of her. She would come later. But she didn't tell her husband, Nabal.

25:20 And it was so, as she rode on the ass, that she came down by the covert on the hill, and, behold, David and his men came down against her; and she met them.

25:21 Now David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all that this fellow hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that pertained unto him: and he hath requited me evil for good.

25:22 So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.

On her way she met David, who said,

I've been protecting your husband and didn't steal anything from him. But he has paid my kindness to him with evil.

I'll be damned if I don't kill every one of his men who pisses against a wall [1] before morning.

25:23 And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted off the ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the ground,

25:24 And fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord, upon me let this iniquity be: and let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak in thine audience, and hear the words of thine handmaid.

25:25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of Belial, even Nabal: for as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him: but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my lord, whom thou didst send.

25:26 Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, seeing the LORD hath withholden thee from coming to shed blood, and from avenging thyself with thine own hand, now let thine enemies, and they that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.

25:27 And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that follow my lord.

25:28 I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee all thy days.

25:29 Yet a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with the LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling out, as out of the middle of a sling.

25:30 And it shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have done to my lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning thee, and shall have appointed thee ruler over Israel;

25:31 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid.

When Abigail saw David, she got off her ass, fell on her face, and said to him:

Don't let that stupid man-of-Belial husband of mine bother you.

You have every right to kill him and all of his people for his ingratitude, but God has somehow graciously restrained you. Please forgive us for my husband's folly.

You are the greatest person ever. God will soon kill all of your enemies and make you king.

Here are some gifts that I have brought for you. Please take anything and everything that my husband possesses.

And remember that I will always be your loving servant.

25:32 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me:

25:33 And blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou, which hast kept me this day from coming to shed blood, and from avenging myself with mine own hand.

25:34 For in very deed, as the LORD God of Israel liveth, which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.

Then David said to Abigail:

Blessed be God who sent you to me; blessed be your advice to me; and blessed be you, for keeping me from killing a bunch of people today.

Because if you hadn't come to me, I would have killed everyone in Nabal's household who pisses against the wall.

25:35 So David received of her hand that which she had brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I have hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.

David accepted Abigail's gift, and said, "Go in peace to your house. I'll do what you asked of me."
God kills Nabal
25:36-38

25:36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light.

When Abigail got home, Nabal was having a feast. He was very drunk, so Abigail didn't tell him about her meeting with David until he sobered up the next morning.

25:37 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became as a stone.

The next morning when she told him, Nabal's heart died within him and he became as quiet as a stone.

25:38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.

David takes Abigail for a wife (and Ahinoam)
25:39-44

25:39 And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.

25:40 And when the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee to him to wife.

When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, "Blessed be God" and he sent for Abigail.

25:41 And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the earth, and said, Behold, let thine handmaid be a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord.

Abigail bowed her face to the ground, and said, "Let me be David's handmaid who will wash the feet of the servants of David."

25:42 And Abigail hasted, and arose and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife.

Then she got up off of her face and onto her ass, collected five of her damsels, and rode off to become David's wife.

25:43 David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of them his wives.

25:44 But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, which was of Gallim.

(For those keeping score on David's wives: David also took another wife, Ahinoam of Jezreel, at about this time, I guess.

Meanwhile, Saul gave his first wife, Michal, to a man named Phalti.)