1 Samuel 16
And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I
have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and
go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a
king among his sons.||
(16:1-3) "The LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I
have rejected him from reigning over Israel?"|
God tells Samuel to quit moping around about Saul and get out and find another king.
And Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hear it, he will kill me. And the
LORD said, Take an heifer with thee, and say, I am come to sacrifice to the
And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will shew thee what thou shalt do:
and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto thee.||
And Samuel did that which the LORD spake, and came to Bethlehem. And the
elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, Comest thou peaceably?||
And he said, Peaceably: I am come to sacrifice unto the LORD: sanctify
yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified Jesse and
his sons, and called them to the sacrifice.||
And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab, and
said, Surely the LORD's anointed is before him.||
But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the
height of his stature; because I have refused him: for the LORD seeth not as
man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh
on the heart.||
Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said,
Neither hath the LORD chosen this.||
Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath the LORD
Again, Jesse made
seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse, The
LORD hath not chosen these.||
(16:10-11) "Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel
said unto Jesse, Are these all thy children? And he said, There
remaineth yet the youngest [David]."|
How many sons did Jesse have?
"The Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward."
After God rejects Saul for refusing to kill
indiscriminately, he sends Samuel to find another king. David is
chosen and anointed by Samuel, and "the spirit of the Lord came upon him from that
day forward." (See here for a summary
of the things David did while the spirit of the Lord was upon him.)
And Samuel said unto
Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet the
youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse,
Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down till he come hither.
And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a
beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said, Arise,
anoint him: for this is he.
Then Samuel took the
horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the
Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel
rose up, and went to Ramah.
But the Spirit of the
LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled
(16:14-16, 23) "The evil spirit from the Lord"|
But the spirit of the Lord departed from Saul [since he was not murderous enough for God], and an evil
spirit from the Lord troubled him." But if God is good, then how could
he have an evil spirit?
(16:18) "A man of war"
Was David a man of war?
God Torments Saul with Evil Spirit
And Saul's servants said unto him, Behold now,an evil spirit from God troubleth thee.
Let our lord now command thy servants, which are before thee, to seek out
a man, who is a cunning player on an harp: and it shall come to pass, when the
evil spirit from God
is upon thee, that he shall play with his hand, and thou shalt be well.
And Saul said unto his servants, Provide me now a man that can play well,
and bring him to me.
Then answered one of the servants, and said, Behold, I have seen a son of
Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is cunning in playing, and a mighty valiant
man, and a man of war, and prudent in matters, and a comely person, and the
LORD is with him.
Wherefore Saul sent messengers unto Jesse, and said, Send me David thy
son, which is with the sheep.||
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid,
and sent them by David his son unto Saul.||
And David came to
Saul, and stood before him: and he loved him greatly; and he became his
(16:21-22) "And David came to Saul, and stood before him: and he loved him greatly."|
From these verses it is clear that Saul knows
David well. Yet later,
in the next chapter (17:55-58), Saul can't even recognize
When did Saul meet David?
And Saul sent to
Jesse, saying, Let David, I pray thee, stand before me; for he hath found
favour in my sight.
And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that David took
an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the
evil spirit departed from him.||
(16:23) "The evil spirit from God"|
David plays his harp and makes Saul's "evil spirit from the Lord" go away.