1 Samuel 18

Jonathan and David (were lovers?)
18:1-4

18:1 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.

18:2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father's house.

18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

18:4 And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle.

After David finished introducing himself to Saul, he met Saul's son, Jonathan.

The two of them hit of off, right from the start. Jonathan's soul was knitted to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved David as his own soul.

The two of them made a covenant to each other. Jonathan sealed it by taking off his clothes and giving his sword, bow, and girdle to David.

Were David and Jonathan gay?
Strange Flesh: David and Jonathan

Saul and David compete (to see who can kill more people)
18:5-16

18:5 And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's servants.

David ... behaved himself wisely. [1]

David went wherever Saul sent him. He became Saul's captain and everyone in Israel knew and loved him.

18:6 And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick.

18:7 And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.

After David killed Goliath, there were celebrations in every city of Israel, in which women danced and sang, saying: Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands -- which seems strange, since up to this point David had killed only one person: Goliath.

Is dancing a sin?

18:8 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more but the kingdom?

18:9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.

Saul didn't like the women's song. He said, "They say David has killed tens of thousands and I have killed only thousands! Next thing you know, David will have my kingdom, too." Saul didn't trust David from that day forward.

When did Saul become David's enemy?

18:10 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul's hand.

The next day, the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied, while David played with his hand.

18:11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.

Saul tried to kill David twice, by throwing a javelin at him. But David got out of the way.

18:12 And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and was departed from Saul.

Saul was afraid of David, because God was with him and God was no longer with Saul.

18:13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.

18:14 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the LORD was with him.

18:15 Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him.

18:16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.

Saul made David his captain and David behaved himself very wisely.

Since David behaved so wisely, Saul was afraid of him. But all the people loved David, because he came in and went out before them.

David buys a wife (with 200 Philistine foreskins)
18:17-31

18:17 And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight the LORD's battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon him.

Saul promised that he'd give his daughter to whoever killed Goliath, so he offered David his daughter, Merab.

18:18 And David said unto Saul, Who am I? and what is my life, or my father's family in Israel, that I should be son in law to the king?

David said to Saul, "Who am I that you'd give your daughter to me?"

18:19 But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.

So Saul gave his daughter Merab to another guy.

18:20 And Michal Saul's daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.

18:21 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in the one of the twain.

18:22 And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David secretly, and say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his servants love thee: now therefore be the king's son in law.

18:23 And Saul's servants spake those words in the ears of David. And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing to be a king's son in law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed?

18:24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, On this manner spake David.

Another daughter of Saul (Michal) loved David. Someone told Saul about it and he liked the idea of giving her to David, thinking she would be a snare for him.

18:25 And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dowry, but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.

Saul told his servants to deliver a message to David, saying: "You can buy my daughter, Michal, with 100 Philistines foreskins."

18:26 And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king's son in law: and the days were not expired.

Saul's proposal "pleased David well."

18:27 Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men and David brought their foreskins,and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son in law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.

18:28 And Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David, and that Michal Saul's daughter loved him.

18:29 And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul became David's enemy continually.

18:30 Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to pass, after they went forth, that David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much set by.

So David killed 200 Philistines and brought their foreskins to Saul. (Saul had only asked for 100 foreskins, but David was feeling generous.)

And Saul gave Michal to David.

How many Philistine foreskins did David buy his first wife with?

DWB: 70. David buys a wife with 200 Philistines foreskins

And Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David.
(How else could David get so many foreskins?)

After David bought his daughter, Saul was more afraid of him than ever. And David became Saul's enemy.

When did Saul become David's enemy?