1 Kings 15

Abijam wasn't perfect like David
15:1-8

15:1 Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah.

15:2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

Abijam became the king of Judah after his father Rehoboam died.

His mother was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

Who Abijam's mother?
How were Abijam and Asa related?

15:3 And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done before him: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as the heart of David his father.

Abijam was sinful like his father Rehoboam; his heart wasn't perfect like David's.

15:4 Nevertheless for David's sake did the LORD his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his son after him, and to establish Jerusalem:

But for David's sake, God gave Abijam a son (Asa).

15:5 Because David did that which was right in the eyes of the LORD, and turned not aside from any thing that he commanded him all the days of his life, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite.

15:6 And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life.

(Everything that David did was right in God's eyes, except for the matter of Uriah.)

Did David sin?

15:7 Now the rest of the acts of Abijam, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? And there was war between Abijam and Jeroboam.

(For more information on Abijam, see Tthe Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah.)

15:8 And Abijam slept with his fathers; and they buried him in the city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead.

Abijam died and replaced by his son Asa.
Asa was intolerant (but perfect in the eyes of the Lord)
15:9-24

15:9 And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah.

15:10 And forty and one years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

After Abijam died, his son Asa became king of Judah.

His mother was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.[1]

How were Abijam and Asa related?

15:11 And Asa did that which was right in the eyes of the LORD, as did David his father.

15:12 And he took away the sodomites out of the land, and removed all the idols that his fathers had made.

Asa did what is right in God's eyes (like David did) by expelling sodomites [2] and removing all the idols.

How should homosexuals be treated?

15:13 And also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from being queen, because she had made an idol in a grove; and Asa destroyed her idol, and burnt it by the brook Kidron.

Asa removed his mother as queen for making an idol in a grove.

Then he destroyed his mom's idol by burning it.

15:14 But the high places were not removed: nevertheless Asa's heart was perfect with the LORD all his days.

15:15 And he brought in the things which his father had dedicated, and the things which himself had dedicated, into the house of the LORD, silver, and gold, and vessels.

And although he didnt remove all the high places, his heart was perfect all his days.

Did Asa remove the high places?
Was Asa perfect?

15:16 And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.

15:17 And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.

Asa (king of Judah) and Baasha (king of Israel) were always at war with each other.

15:18 Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house, and delivered them into the hand of his servants: and king Asa sent them to Benhadad, the son of Tabrimon, the son of Hezion, king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus, saying,

15:19 There is a league between me and thee, and between my father and thy father: behold, I have sent unto thee a present of silver and gold; come and break thy league with Baasha king of Israel, that he may depart from me.

So Asa paid Benhadad, the king of Syria, to fight with him against Israel.

15:20 So Benhadad hearkened unto king Asa, and sent the captains of the hosts which he had against the cities of Israel, and smote Ijon, and Dan, and Abelbethmaachah, and all Cinneroth, with all the land of Naphtali.

15:21 And it came to pass, when Baasha heard thereof, that he left off building of Ramah, and dwelt in Tirzah.

15:22 Then king Asa made a proclamation throughout all Judah; none was exempted: and they took away the stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded; and king Asa built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah.

Benhadad accepted Asa's offer, and smote several cities in Israel.

15:23 The rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that he did, and the cities which he built, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? Nevertheless in the time of his old age he was diseased in his feet.

15:24 And Asa slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead.

(For more about Asa, see The Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah.)

Oh, but one more thing about Asa: when he was old, he had a foot disease. (See 2 Chr 16:12 where he is criticized for seeking medical, rather than God's, help with his disease.)

Asa died, and his son Jehoshaphat became king of Judah.

Nadab did evil in the sight of the Lord
15:25-26

15:25 And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years.

In the second year of Asa's reign over Judah, Nadab became king of Israel.

15:26 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of his father, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.

Nadab did evil in the sight of the Lord and made Israel sin.

Baasha kills Nadab and becomes king of Israel.
15:27-28

15:27 And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, conspired against him; and Baasha smote him at Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines; for Nadab and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethon.

15:28 Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha slay him, and reigned in his stead.

Baasha killed Nadab and became king of Israel.

Baasha kills Jeroboam's family "according to the word of the Lord"
15:29-34

15:29 And it came to pass, when he reigned, that he smote all the house of Jeroboam; he left not to Jeroboam any that breathed, until he had destroyed him, according unto the saying of the LORD, which he spake by his servant Ahijah the Shilonite:

The first thing Baasha did after killing Nadab was to kill everyone in Jeroboam's family, leaving nothing that breathed, "according to the saying of the Lord" through the prophet Ahijah. (1 Kg 14:10-11)

DWB: 90. Jeroboam's family

15:30 Because of the sins of Jeroboam which he sinned, and which he made Israel sin, by his provocation wherewith he provoked the LORD God of Israel to anger.

Baasha slaughtered Jeroboam's family to punish Jeroboam (who was already dead) for making the God of Israel angry.

15:31 Now the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

15:32 And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.

15:33 In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years.

(For the rest of Nadab's acts, see The Chronicles of the Kings of Israel.)

15:34 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.

Baasha, like Jeroboam, did evil in the sight of the Lord, and made Israel sin.