The Nephites bury their innumerable dead--The dead Amlicites and Lamanites were thrown into the river Sidon--Their bones are
now deep in the sea--The Amilicites put red marks on
their heads--God's curse of the Lamanites is retold several times. (87 BCE)
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1 And it came to pass that the Nephites who were not slain by the weapons of war,
after having buried those who had been slain -- now the number of the slain were not numbered, because of the greatness
of their number -- after they had finished burying their dead they all returned to their lands, and to their houses, and
their wives, and their children.
The war was over. The Nephites buried their dead quickly, where they died, without even counting them.
There were too many to count.
2 Now many women and children had been slain with the sword, and also many
of their flocks and their herds; and also many of their fields of grain were destroyed, for they were trodden down by the hosts of
When the soldiers returned home, things had changed. Many of their wives and children were dead,
the crops were trampled, and even some of their flocks were killed.
3 And now as many of the Lamanites and the Amlicites who had been slain upon the bank of the river Sidon
were cast into the waters of Sidon; and behold their bones are in the depths of the sea, and they are many.
Many dead Lamanites and Amlicites were thrown into the Sidon River. Now their bones are buried in the sea.
4 And the Amlicites were distinguished from the Nephites, for
they had marked themselves with red in their
foreheads after the manner of the Lamanites; nevertheless they had not shorn their heads like unto the Lamanites.
Amlicites marked their heads with red on their foreheads, just like the Lamanites did.
5 Now the heads of the Lamanites were shorn; and they
were naked, save it were skin which was girded about
their loins, and also their armor, which was girded about them, and their bows, and their arrows, and their stones,
and their slings, and so forth.
But they didn't shave their heads like the Lamanites, who not only shaved their heads,
but also were naked, except for some skin girded about their loins. 
6 And the skins of the Lamanites were dark, according to the mark which
was set upon their fathers, which was a curse upon them because of their transgression and their rebellion against their
brethren, who consisted of Nephi, Jacob, and Joseph, and Sam, who were just and holy men.
The Lamanites also had a dark skin, because they were cursed for rebelling against Nephi,
Jacob, Joseph, and Sam  -- who were just and holy men. 
7 And their brethren sought to destroy them, therefore they were cursed;
and the Lord God set a mark upon them, yea, upon Laman and Lemuel, and also the sons of Ishmael, and Ishmaelitish women.
So God put a mark on them to curse them -- upon Laman, Lemuel, the sons of Ishmael, and the Ishmaelitish women.
8 And this was done that their seed might be distinguished from
the seed of their brethren, that thereby
the Lord God might preserve his people, that they might not mix and believe in incorrect traditions which would prove
So their seed could be distinguished and not mixed with the seed of his people.
9 And it came to pass that whosoever did mingle his seed with that of the Lamanites
did bring the same curse upon his seed.
10 Therefore, whosoever suffered himself to be led away by the
Lamanites was called under that head, and there was a mark set upon him.
11 And it came to pass that whosoever would not believe in the tradition of the
Lamanites, but believed those records which were brought out of the land of Jerusalem, and also in the tradition of their
fathers, which were correct, who believed in the commandments of God and kept them, were called the Nephites, or the
people of Nephi, from that time forth --
12 And it is they who have kept the records which are true of their people, and also of the people of the
13 Now we will return again to the Amlicites, for they also had a mark set upon them; yea, they set the
mark upon themselves, yea, even a mark of red upon their foreheads.
Whoever mixed their seed with the Lamanites would have the same curse on their seed.
14 Thus the word of God is fulfilled, for these are the words which he said to Nephi:
Behold, the Lamanites
have I cursed, and I will set a mark on them that they and their seed may be separated from thee and thy seed, from this
time henceforth and forever, except they repent of their wickedness and turn to me that I may have mercy upon them.
Because God said,
I have cursed the Lamanites by marking them and their seed to separate them and their seed from you and your seed,
from this time forward and forever.
15 And again: I will set a mark upon him that mingleth his seed with thy brethren,
that they may be cursed also.
16 And again: I will set a mark upon him that fighteth
against thee and thy seed.
Whoever mingles their seed with them will be cursed also.
17 And again, I say he that departeth from thee shall no more be called thy seed; and
I will bless thee,
and whomsoever shall be called thy seed, henceforth and forever; and these were the promises of the Lord unto Nephi and
to his seed.
And I'll bless whoever will be called your seed henceforth and forever.
18 Now the Amlicites knew not that they were fulfilling the words of God when they began to mark themselves
in their foreheads; nevertheless they had come out in open rebellion against God; therefore it was expedient that the
curse should fall upon them.
19 Now I would that ye should see that they brought upon themselves the curse; and even so doth every
man that is cursed bring upon himself his own condemnation.
So even though the Amlicites didn't know it, they were fulfilling the word of God when they marked
themselves on their foreheads, thereby bringing God's curse upon themselves.
20 Now it came to pass that
not many days after the battle which was fought in the land of Zarahemla, by
the Lamanites and the Amlicites, that there was another army of the Lamanites came in upon the people of Nephi, in the
same place where the first army met the Amlicites.
21 And it came to pass that there was an army sent to drive them out of their
22 Now Alma himself being afflicted with a wound did not go up to battle at this time against the
23 But he sent up a numerous army against them; and they went up and slew many of the Lamanites, and drove
the remainder of them out of the borders of their land.
A few days after their big defeat, the Lamanites tried again.
They sent another army to the same battlefield that the Amlicites
first fought in and are quickly defeated.
24 And then they returned again and began to establish peace in the land,
being troubled no more for a
time with their enemies.
25 Now all these things were done, yea, all these wars and contentions were commenced and ended in the
fifth year of the reign of the judges.
So there was peace in the land for a little while.
26 And in one year were thousands and tens of thousands of souls sent to the eternal world, that they
might reap their rewards according to their works, whether they were good or whether they were bad, to reap eternal
happiness or eternal misery, according to the spirit which they listed to obey, whether it be a good spirit or a bad
27 For every man receiveth wages of him whom he listeth to obey, and this according to the words of the
spirit of prophecy; therefore let it be according to the truth. And thus endeth the fifth year of the reign of the
In one year, tens of thousands of people were killed.
Some went to live happily forever in heaven;
the others were tortured forever in hell.
- The heads of the Lamanites were shorn; and they were naked. (v.4)
How do you tell an Amilicite from a Lamanite? Well, the Amlicites put a mark of red on their heads, just like the
Lamanites do. But they don't shave their heads or run around naked. Lamanites shave their heads, and don't wear any
clothes besides leather loincloths and armor.
- The skins of the Lamanites were dark, according to the mark which was set upon their fathers,
which was a curse upon them. (v.6a)
Lamanites also have dark skin. God cursed them and turned them dark because
their ancestors (Laman and Lemuel) rebelled against their brothers: Nephi, Jacob, Joseph and Sam. God darkened the skin of the
Lamanites to keep them separate from the Nephites. Whoever "mingles his seed" with the Lamanites will be cursed by God and will
"bring the same curse upon his seed." Whoever is led away by the Lamanites will
have "a mark set upon him." (This is the Book of Mormon's explanation for the dark skin of the
Native Americans, who they believe are Lamanites. (See 2 Nephi 5:21-24.)
- Nephi, Jacob, and Joseph, and Sam, who were just and holy men (v.6b)
Has there ever been a just man?
And it came to pass: 3:1, 9, 11, 20, 21
Behold: 3:3, 14
Yea: 3:7, 13(2), , , ,
- Dwindling in Unbelief
- The LDS church finally admits it was
wrong about race. (So it now rejects its own scriptures.) (3:6)
- The Annotated Book of Mormon
- Alma 3