2 Timothy 1
Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the
promise of life which is in Christ Jesus,||
(1:1) "Paul ... to Timothy"|
Although Second Timothy claims to have been written by Paul,
most scholars believe that it was written by someone else long after his death. (1)
To Timothy, my dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the
Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.
I thank God, whom I serve from my forefathers with pure conscience, that
without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;
Greatly desiring to see thee, being mindful of thy tears, that I may be
filled with joy;||
When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in thee, which
dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and I am
persuaded that in thee also.||
Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God,
which is in thee by the putting on of my hands.||
For God hath not
given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound
(1:7) "God hath not given us the spirit of fear."|
Should we fear God?
Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his
prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to
the power of God;
Who hath saved us,
and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and
grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,||
"Who hath saved us ... according to his own purpose and grace."
God selected us to be either saved or damned, and there isn't a damned thing we can do about it.
Do humans have free will?
What the Bible says about
But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who
hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through
Whereunto I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the
For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not
ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able
to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.||
Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith
and love which is in Christ Jesus.||
That good thing which was committed unto thee keep by the Holy Ghost which
dwelleth in us.||
This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me;
of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.||
The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed
me, and was not ashamed of my chain:||
But, when he was in Rome, he sought me out very diligently, and found me.||
The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day:
and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very
- Don't be ashamed of Jesus's testimony.
- Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord. 1:8a
- Don't be ashamed of the author of Second Timothy.
- Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner. 1:8b
- Partake in the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God.
- Be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God. 1:8c
- Hold fast to the words of the author of Second Timothy.
- Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. 1:13
- Keep the good thing that the Holy Ghost gave you.
- That good thing which was committed unto thee keep by the Holy Ghost which dwelleth in us. 1:14
1. Bart D. Ehrman,
The New Testament: A Historical Introlduction to the
Early Christian Writings, 3rd ed. (2004), chap.23
- Second Epistle to Timothy
of the Pauline epistles: The Pastoral Epistles