Surah 19

Mary (Maryam)

Abraham's father - the devil worshiper
Absurdity Intolerance 19:35-55
Cf. 6:74-83, 9:35-55, 26:69-103

35 It befitteth not (the Majesty of) Allah that He should take unto Himself a son. Glory be to Him! When He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! and it is.

36 And lo! Allah is my Lord and your Lord. So serve Him. That is the right path.

It isn't fitting for Allah to take a son.

37 The sects among them differ: but woe unto the disbelievers from the meeting of an awful Day.

38 See and hear them on the Day they come unto Us! yet the evil-doers are to- day in error manifest.

39 And warn them of the Day of anguish when the case hath been decided. Now they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not.

40 Lo! We, only We, inherit the earth and all who are thereon, and unto Us they are returned.

Woe to disbelievers on the awful day.

41 And make mention (O Muhammad) in the Scripture of Abraham. Lo! he was a saint, a prophet.

Abraham was a saint and a prophet.

42 When he said unto his father: O my father! Why worshippest thou that which heareth not nor seeth, nor can in aught avail thee?

43 O my father! Lo! there hath come unto me of knowledge that which came not unto thee. So follow me, and I will lead thee on a right path.

He said to his father,

Why do you worship something that you can't see or hear?

44 O my father! Serve not the devil. Lo! the devil is a rebel unto the Beneficent.

Don't serve the devil.

45 O my father! Lo! I fear lest a punishment from the Beneficent overtake thee so that thou become a comrade of the devil.

I fear Allah will punish you for being a comrade of the devil.

46 He said: Rejectest thou my gods, O Abraham? If thou cease not, I shall surely stone thee. Depart from me a long while!

47 He said: Peace be unto thee! I shall ask forgiveness of my Lord for thee. Lo! He was ever gracious unto me.

48 I shall withdraw from you and that unto which ye pray beside Allah, and I shall pray unto my Lord. It may be that, in prayer unto my Lord, I shall not be unblest.

His father said,

So you reject my gods?

Get away from me or I'll stone you to death.

49 So, when he had withdrawn from them and that which they were worshipping beside Allah, We gave him Isaac and Jacob. Each of them We made a prophet.

50 And we gave them of Our mercy, and assigned to them a high and true renown.

So Abraham left his father, and we [Allah] gave him Isaac and Jacob.

We made them prophets, too.

51 And make mention in the Scripture of Moses. Lo! he was chosen, and he was a messenger (of Allah), a prophet.

52 We called him from the right slope of the Mount, and brought him nigh in communion.

And Moses was a prophet and messenger of Allah.

53 And We bestowed upon him of Our mercy his brother Aaron, a prophet (likewise).

His broher Aaron was also a prophet.

54 And make mention in the Scripture of Ishmael. Lo! he was a keeper of his promise, and he was a messenger (of Allah), a prophet.

55 He enjoined upon his people worship and almsgiving, and was acceptable in the sight of his Lord.

Ishmael was also a messenger and a prophet.

Idris - the unknown prophet
Absurdity Contradictions 19:56-67

56 And make mention in the Scripture of Idris. Lo! he was a saint, a prophet;

57 And We raised him to high station.

58 These are they unto whom Allah showed favour from among the prophets, of the seed of Adam and of those whom We carried (in the ship) with Noah, and of the seed of Abraham and Israel, and from among those whom We guided and chose. When the revelations of the Beneficent were recited unto them, they fell down, adoring and weeping.

59 Now there hath succeeded them a later generation whom have ruined worship and have followed lusts. But they will meet deception.

60 Save him who shall repent and believe and do right. Such will enter the Garden, and they will not be wronged in aught-

61 Gardens of Eden, which the Beneficent hath promised to His slaves in the unseen. Lo! His promise is ever sure of fulfilment -

62 They hear therein no idle talk, but only Peace; and therein they have food for morn and evening.

63 Such is the Garden which We cause the devout among Our bondmen to inherit.

64 We (angels) come not down save by commandment of thy Lord. Unto Him belongeth all that is before us and all that is behind us and all that is between those two, and thy Lord was never forgetful -

65 Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them! Therefor, worship thou Him and be thou steadfast in His service. Knowest thou one that can be named along with Him?

66 And man saith: When I am dead, shall I forsooth be brought forth alive?

Idris was a saint and a prophet. [1]

67 Doth not man remember that We created him before, when he was naught?

We created man from nothing.