33: The Clans
O Prophet! Keep thy duty to Allah and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise. ||
Don't obey disbelievers.
And follow that which is inspired in thee from thy Lord. Lo! Allah is Aware of what ye do. ||
And put thy trust in Allah, for Allah is sufficient as Trustee. ||
Allah hath not assigned unto any man two hearts within his body, nor hath He made your wives whom ye declare (to be your mothers) your mothers, nor hath He made those whom ye claim (to be your sons) your sons. This is but a saying of your mouths. But Allah saith the truth and He showeth the way. ||
Proclaim their real parentage. That will be more equitable in the sight of Allah. And if ye know not their fathers, then (they are) your brethren in the faith, and your clients. And there is no sin for you in the mistakes that ye make unintentionally, but what your hearts purpose (that will be a sin for you). Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful. ||
The Prophet is closer to the believers than their selves, and his wives are (as) their mothers.
And the owners of kinship are closer one to another in the ordinance of Allah than (other) believers
and the fugitives (who fled from Mecca), except that ye should do kindness to your friends.
This is written in the Book (of nature). ||
(33:6) "The Prophet is closer to the believers than their selves, and his wives are (as) their mothers."
And when We exacted a covenant from the prophets, and from thee (O Muhammad) and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus son of Mary. We took from them a solemn covenant; ||
That He may ask the loyal of their loyalty. And He hath prepared a painful doom for the
"He hath prepared a painful doom for the unfaithful."
Doom in the Quran
a painful doom
O ye who believe! Remember Allah's favour unto you when there came against you hosts, and We sent
against them a great wind and hosts ye could not see. And Allah is ever Seer of what ye do.
When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when eyes grew wild and hearts reached to the throats, and ye were imagining vain thoughts concerning Allah. ||
There were the believers sorely tried, and shaken with a mighty shock. ||
And when the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, were saying: Allah and His messenger promised us naught but delusion. ||
And when a party of them said: O folk of Yathrib! There is no stand (possible) for you, therefor turn back. And certain of them (even) sought permission of the Prophet, saying: Our homes lie open (to the enemy). And they lay not open. They but wished to flee. ||
If the enemy had entered from all sides and they had been exhorted to treachery, they would have committed it, and would have hesitated thereupon but little. ||
And verily they had already sworn unto Allah that they would not turn their backs (to the foe). An oath to Allah must be answered for. ||
Say: Flight will not avail you if ye flee from death or killing, and then ye dwell in comfort but a little while. ||
Say: Who is he who can preserve you from Allah if He intendeth harm for you, or intendeth mercy for you. They will not find that they have any friend or helper other than Allah. ||
Allah already knoweth those of you who hinder, and those who say unto their brethren: "Come ye hither unto us!" and they come not to the stress of battle save a little, ||
Being sparing of their help to you (believers). But when the fear cometh, then thou (Muhammad) seest
them regarding thee with rolling eyes like one who fainteth unto death. Then, when the fear
departeth, they scald you with sharp tongues in their greed for wealth (from the spoil). Such have
not believed. Therefore Allah maketh their deeds fruitless. And that is easy for Allah. ||
Allah makes the deeds of unbelievers fruitless. (And that is easy for Allah.)
They hold that the clans have not retired (for good); and if the clans should advance (again), they would fain be in the desert with
the wandering Arabs, asking for the news of you; and if they were among you, they would not give battle, save a little. ||
Verily in the messenger of Allah ye have a good example for him who looketh unto Allah and the Last Day, and remembereth
Allah much. ||
(33:21) "In the messenger of Allah [Muhammad] ye have a good example."|
What would Muhammad do?
And when the true believers saw the clans, they said: This is that which Allah and His messenger promised us. Allah and His messenger are true. It did but confirm them in their faith and resignation. ||
Of the believers are men who are true to that which they covenanted with Allah. Some of them have paid their vow by death (in battle), and some of them still are waiting; and they have not altered in the least; ||
That Allah may reward the true men for their truth, and punish the hypocrites if He will, or relent toward them (if He will). Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. ||
And Allah repulsed the disbelievers in their wrath; they gained no good. Allah averted their
attack from the believers. Allah is ever Strong, Mighty. ||
Allah cast panic into the hearts of the disbelievers. He killed some, and enslaved others.
And He brought those of the People of the Scripture who supported them down from
their strongholds, and cast panic into their hearts. Some ye slew, and ye made captive some. ||
And He caused you to inherit their land and their houses and their wealth, and land ye have not trodden. Allah is ever Able to do all things. ||
O Prophet! Say unto thy wives: If ye desire the world's life and its adornment, come! I will content you and will release you with a fair release. ||
If Muhammad's wives are good, Allah will give them "an immense reward."
But if ye desire Allah and His messenger and the abode of the Hereafter, then lo!
Allah hath prepared for the good among you an immense reward.
O ye wives of the Prophet! Whosoever of you committeth manifest lewdness, the
punishment for her will be doubled, and that is easy for Allah. ||
The wives of Muhammad will be punished double for lewdness. (And that is easy for Allah.)
And whosoever of you is submissive unto Allah and His messenger and doeth right, We shall give her her reward twice over, and We have prepared for her a rich provision. ||
O ye wives of the Prophet! Ye are not like any other women. If ye keep your duty (to Allah),
then be not soft of speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease aspire (to you), but utter customary
The wives of Muhammad are not like other women. They must not leave their houses.
And stay in your houses. Bedizen not yourselves with the bedizenment of the Time of Ignorance. Be regular in prayer, and pay the poor-due, and obey Allah and His messenger. Allah's wish is but to remove uncleanness far from you, O Folk of the Household, and cleanse you with a thorough cleansing. ||
And bear in mind that which is recited in your houses of the revelations of Allah and wisdom. Lo! Allah is Subtile, Aware. ||
Lo! men who surrender unto Allah, and women who surrender, and men who believe and women who believe, and men who obey and women who obey, and men who speak the truth and women who speak the truth, and men who persevere (in righteousness) and women who persevere, and men who are humble and women who are humble, and men who give alms and women who give alms, and men who fast and women who fast, and men who guard their modesty and women who guard (their modesty), and men who remember Allah much and women who remember - Allah hath prepared for them forgiveness and a vast reward. ||
And it becometh not a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His messenger
have decided an affair (for them), that they should (after that) claim any say in their affair;
and whoso is rebellious to Allah and His messenger, he verily goeth astray in error manifest. ||
When Allah or Muhammad decide that a man and a woman should marry, they must marry.
And when thou saidst unto him on whom Allah hath conferred favour and thou hast conferred favour:
Keep thy wife to thyself, and fear Allah. And thou didst hide in thy mind that which Allah was to
bring to light, and thou didst fear mankind whereas Allah hath a better right that thou shouldst
fear Him. So when Zeyd had performed that necessary formality (of divorce) from her, We gave her unto
thee in marriage, so that (henceforth) there may be no sin for believers in respect of wives of their
adopted sons, when the latter have performed the necessary formality (of release) from them. The
commandment of Allah must be fulfilled. ||
(33:37) "When Zeyd had performed that necessary formality (of divorce) from her, We gave her unto
thee in marriage, so that (henceforth) there may be no sin for believers in respect of wives of their
adopted sons, when the latter have performed the necessary formality (of release) from them."|
Allah gave Zeyd to Muhammad in marriage so that all Muslims would know that it's OK to marry your adopted son's ex-wife.
(33:38) "There is no reproach for the Prophet in that which Allah maketh his due."
Muhammad (pb&jbuh) can do whatever he damn well pleases.
There is no reproach for the Prophet in that which Allah maketh his due.
That was Allah's way with those who passed away of old - and the commandment of Allah is certain destiny -
Who delivered the messages of Allah and feared Him, and feared none save Allah. Allah keepeth good account. ||
Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he
is the messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets; and Allah is ever Aware of all things. ||
(33:40) "Muhammad ... is the messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets."
O ye who believe! Remember Allah with much remembrance. ||
And glorify Him early and late. ||
He it is Who blesseth you, and His angels (bless you), that He may bring you forth from darkness unto light; and He is ever Merciful to the believers. ||
Their salutation on the day when they shall meet Him will be: Peace. And He hath prepared for them a goodly recompense. ||
O Prophet! Lo! We have sent thee as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner. ||
And as a summoner unto Allah by His permission, and as a lamp that giveth light. ||
And announce unto the believers the good tidings that they will have great bounty from Allah. ||
(33:48) "Incline not to the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Disregard their
Ignore disbelievers and their poisonous talk.
(33:50-51) "O Prophet! Lo! We have made lawful unto thee thy wives unto whom thou hast paid their dowries,
and those whom thy right hand possesseth of those whom Allah hath given thee as spoils of war, and the daughters of thine uncle on the father's
side and the daughters of thine aunts on the father's side, and the daughters of thine uncle on the mother's side and the daughters of thine aunts
on the mother's side who emigrated with thee, and a believing woman if she give herself unto the Prophet and the Prophet desire to ask her in marriage -
a privilege for thee only, not for the (rest of) believers - We are Aware of that which We enjoined upon them concerning their wives and those whom
their right hands possess - that thou mayst be free from blame ... Thou canst defer whom thou wilt of them and receive unto thee whom thou wilt, and
whomsoever thou desirest of those whom thou hast set aside (temporarily), it is no sin for thee (to receive her again); that is better; that they may be
comforted and not grieve, and may all be pleased with what thou givest them."
Allah says it is lawful for Muhammad to marry any woman, and however many women, he wants.
(33:50) "O Prophet! Lo! We have made lawful unto thee thy wives unto ... whom thy right hand possesseth."
Allah says it's OK for Muhammad to own slaves -- and to marry as many as he'd like.
And incline not to the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Disregard their noxious talk, and
put thy trust in Allah. Allah is sufficient as Trustee.
O ye who believe! If ye wed believing women and divorce them before ye have touched them, then there is no period that ye should reckon. But content them and release them handsomely.
O Prophet! Lo! We have made lawful unto thee thy wives unto whom thou hast paid
their dowries, and those whom thy right hand possesseth of those whom Allah hath given thee as
spoils of war, and the daughters of thine uncle on the father's side and the daughters of thine
aunts on the father's side, and the daughters of thine uncle on the mother's side and the
daughters of thine aunts on the mother's side who emigrated with thee, and a believing woman if
she give herself unto the Prophet and the Prophet desire to ask her in marriage - a privilege for
thee only, not for the (rest of) believers - We are Aware of that which We enjoined upon them
concerning their wives and those whom their right hands possess - that thou mayst be free from
blame, for Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful.
Thou canst defer whom thou wilt of them and receive unto thee whom thou wilt, and
whomsoever thou desirest of those whom thou hast set aside (temporarily), it is no sin for thee (to
receive her again); that is better; that they may be comforted and not grieve, and may all be pleased
with what thou givest them. Allah knoweth what is in your hearts (O men), and Allah is ever Forgiving,
It is not allowed thee to take (other) women henceforth, nor that thou shouldst change them for other wives even though their beauty pleased thee, save those whom thy right hand possesseth. And Allah is ever Watcher over all things. ||
O Ye who believe! Enter not the dwellings of the Prophet for a meal without waiting for the proper
time, unless permission be granted you. But if ye are invited, enter, and, when your meal is ended,
then disperse. Linger not for conversation. Lo! that would cause annoyance to the Prophet, and he
would be shy of (asking) you (to go); but Allah is not shy of the truth. And when ye ask of them (the
wives of the Prophet) anything, ask it of them from behind a curtain. That is purer for your hearts
and for their hearts. And it is not for you to cause annoyance to the messenger of Allah, nor that
ye should ever marry his wives after him. Lo! that in Allah's sight would be an enormity. ||
If men must speak to Muhammad's wives they must speak from behind a curtain. And no one
must ever marry one of his wives.
Whether ye divulge a thing or keep it hidden, lo! Allah is ever Knower of all things. ||
It is no sin for them (thy wives) to converse freely) with their fathers, or their
sons, or their brothers, or their brothers' sons, or the sons of their sisters or of their own women,
or their slaves. O women! Keep your duty to Allah. Lo! Allah is ever Witness over all
(33:55) But it's OK for Muhammad's wives to talk with certain people.
(33:55) And it's OK to own slaves.
Lo! Allah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. O ye who believe! Ask blessings on him and salute him with a worthy salutation. ||
(33:56) "Allah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet." |
Or as the Ash-Shifa puts it:
"Allah and his angels praise and venerate the Prophet."
Lo! those who malign Allah and His messenger, Allah hath cursed them in the world and
the Hereafter, and hath prepared for them the doom of the disdained. ||
Those who malign Allah, Muhammad, and Muslims will be cursed by Allah in this life
and with the doom of the disdained in the Hereafter. |
Doom in the Quran
a painful doom
And those who malign believing men and believing women undeservedly, they bear the
guilt of slander and manifest sin.
O Prophet! Tell thy wives and thy daughters and the women of the believers to draw
their cloaks close round them (when they go abroad). That will be better, so that they may be
recognised and not annoyed. Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful. ||
Women must cover themselves when in public.
If the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, and the alarmists in the
city do not cease, We verily shall urge thee on against them, then they will be your neighbours in it
but a little while. ||
Those who oppose Islam will be slain with a fierce slaughter.
Accursed, they will be seized wherever found and slain with a (fierce) slaughter. ||
That was the way of Allah in the case of those who passed away of old; thou wilt not find for the way of Allah aught of power to change. ||
Men ask thee of the Hour. Say: The knowledge of it is with Allah only. What can convey (the knowledge) unto thee ? It may be that the Hour is nigh. ||
Lo! Allah hath cursed the disbelievers, and hath prepared for them a flaming
Allah has cursed the disbelievers, and has prepared for them a flaming fire, wherein they will abide
Wherein they will abide for ever. They will find (then) no protecting friend
On the day when their faces are turned over in the Fire, they say: Oh, would that we
had obeyed Allah and had obeyed His messenger! ||
(33:66) "On the day when their faces are turned over in the Fire, they say: Oh, would that we
had obeyed Allah and had obeyed His messenger!"|
When Allah burns the faces of disbelievers in the Fire, they'll wish they had obeyed Muhammad and Allah.
And they say: Our Lord! Lo! we obeyed our princes and great men, and they misled us from the Way. ||
Our Lord! Oh, give them double torment and curse them with a mighty curse. ||
O ye who believe! Be not as those who slandered Moses, but Allah proved his innocence of that which they alleged, and he was well esteemed in Allah's sight. ||
O ye who believe! Guard your duty to Allah, and speak words straight to the point; ||
"Speak words straight to the point."|
Say what you mean; mean what you say.
He will adjust your works for you and will forgive you your sins. Whosoever obeyeth Allah and His messenger, he verily hath gained a signal victory. ||
Lo! We offered the trust unto the heavens and the earth and the hills,
but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man assumed it. Lo! he hath proved a tyrant
and a fool. ||
Allah offered the heavens, earth, and hills the the duty of worshiping him,
but they were afraid and refused. So|
humans got the job instead.
So Allah punisheth hypocritical men and hypocritical women, and idolatrous men and idolatrous women. But Allah
pardoneth believing men and believing women, and Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful. ||
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- Dwindling in Unbelief
- Things that are easy for Allah. (33:19,
- Things on which the
Bible and Quran agree (33:59)